You must have encountered those tiny little white bumps which are so stubborn in nature that they remain persistently attached to your skin despite all your efforts at maintaining high degrees of cleanliness. They occur when the dead skin cells instead of exfoliation gets trapped beneath the skin, appearing as white dots. They transform into tiny cysts and usually resolve on their own. However, at times they do require intervention. It is usually seen on cheeks, nose, eyes, neck, forehead and chest areas. They are more common in babies. It is usually presented as a tiny cyst containing protein keratin.
Discriminating milia and whiteheads
A white head is lodged much deeper into the skin, looks like bumps and is also known as congested skin. Chin, hairline, cheeks or sides of the mouth are its favorite harbors.
Milia, on the other hand, looks like white blackheads. They are more firm in nature and are immune to prodding with nails or fingers. Marking its presence beneath eyes and cheeks, they are usually a result of overconsumption of dairy or due to the curse of genetics.
In adults, the dead cells cannot be properly disposed of off as the skin becomes leathery.
Types of milia
Neonatal – seen in newborns around eyes, cheeks, mouth and inside the mouth. they originate from sweat glands.
Primary – occurs in both children and adults.
Secondary– they proliferate in areas of the body which have been damaged before.
Milia en plaque- the form on the inflamed, reddened and elevated area behind ears, eyelids or jaw.
Multiple eruptive milia– appears in crops on the upper arm, face or upper trunk.
They develop when dead skin gets trapped in pockets of skin and tissues.
They can have a genetic or autoimmune predisposition.
In adults, they usually occur in already affected areas of the body due to burns, blisters, skin resurfacing procedures, long-term steroid use, and long-term sun damage.
They are usually harmless and temporary and resolve on their own. However, some find it cosmetically unacceptable and so vouch for a treatment. Pricking with a needle, squeezing out the content could be the worst possible alternative and with only cause your skin damage.
Using needle apply gentle pressure to remove the milia out of its lodging.
Apply antiseptic or rub alcohol on the incision
Continue regular skincare routine.
Inside the boundaries of home
Regular cleansing is indispensable. Use warm water, use a gentle face wash and dry your skin gently.
Try exfoliators to get rid of dead cells.
Apply retinol every night.
Protect your skin from sunlight. Use sunblock and shades.
Curb the use of heavy makeup and cosmetics.
Do not scratch them away as it can damage your skin.
When to see the doctor
Visit your doctor if you see bumps covering large areas of your skin, bumps are spreading, they get itchy, bleeding or painful. It is best to get it removed by a doctor, if you have an unsteady hand, they are present below the eyes or are concentrated in an area.Important Resource on Milia
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