Fractional Co2 Laser
What is CO2 laser?
The carbon dioxide laser produces a specific wavelength of light in the mid-infrared spectrum (10600 nm). Hence, this allows its laser energy to be well absorbed in water. In fact, CO2 lasers are ideal for safe and precise ablation for all kinds of skin treatment such as for milia, acne scars and pigmentations.
What are the benefits of CO2 laser:
Let’s check the benefits of coz laser for skin treatment.
- Higher precision
- Tissue selectivity
- Lower costs
- Least invasive
- Short downtime
How does the procedure work?
The laser beam penetrates the superficial layers of skin, reaching the dermis. As a result, they create tiny microscopic areas of thermal damage, stimulating cell turnover and inducing new collagen production. Therefore, they help replace damaged skin with new cells. The carbon dioxide laser is a versatile laser used to treat various cutaneous lesions. It is unique since it can be used for resurfacing as well as excisional and incisional procedures. The procedure where we can use co2 laser are:
- Resurfacing of fine lines, wrinkles, scars, warts, enlarged oil glands on the nose.
- Raised birthmarks
- Acne scarring
- Skin aging
- Keloid and hypertrophic scars
- Actinic keratosis
- Uneven pigmentation such as freckles, brown spots, lentigines as well as melasma.
How is the procedure performed?
Know how the procedure is done step by step of CO2 laser.
- Cleaning the area of treatment.
- Applying a local anesthetic to it.
- Treating each skin lesion individually with the laser.
- The procedure takes about 30-60 minutes.
- Lastly, bandaging the treated area.
The treatment is simple like other skin treatments. Before undergoing the treatment its important for you to know how the process is done.
CO2 laser has contraindications such as:
- Keloids or hypertrophic scars.
- Treatment with retinoids in the previous six months.
- Prior ionizing radiation to the treatment area.
- Previous treatment with chemical peels or dermabrasion.
- Active bacterial or viral infection at the treatment site.
- Connective tissue diseases.
- Lastly, HIV or hepatitis C infections.
Pre and Post-procedure Care:
Care is really important, do take care of the skin.
- Stop smoking for two weeks before and after the procedure.
- In fact, certain medications like aspirin, ibuprofen, as well as vitamin E need to be discontinued ten days prior.
- Patients may take antibiotics and antiviral medications before as well as after the procedure.
- Moreover, the treated area should be clean.
- Dermatologists prescribe an ointment to prevent scab formation.
- Putting ice on the areas with swelling, itching or stinging help.
- Also, use a broad-spectrum sunscreen.
The side effects of CO2 laser as such are:
- Contact dermatitis
- Perioral dermatitis
- Localized infection
- Hypertrophic scarring
The side effects depend on the skin condition, skin type, and sensitivity as well as the immune response of the patient. However, one can minimize them with pre and post-procedure care routines.