Freckles: Causes, Types and Treatments | Clear Skin, Pune
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Freckles



Freckles

Freckles Treatment in Pune

Freckles or ephelides are brown spots on the skin, that are clusters of melanized cells. In fact, these are a sign of overexposure to the sun.
While most freckles do not pose any danger, they indicate sun damage to the skin. Moreover, freckles have a tendency to develop with an increase in melanin production.

Freckles

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Overexposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays causes an increase in melanin production. This increase in melanin is the skin’s attempt to protect itself from more sun damage. In fact, freckles often disappear in the winter. They are very visible and dark during the summer season. This is due to overexposure to the sun during summer.

Freckles are more visible and more common in individuals with fair skin. This is because fair skin is more prone to sunburns. Moreover, freckles appear during childhood in the sun-exposed areas of the body.

Table of Contents

Causes of Freckles 

Do & Don’t for Getting Freckles

Types of Freckles

Treatments of Freckles

Why Choose Clear Skin for Freckles Treatment?  

Causes of Freckles 

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Sun exposure
  • Exposure to the fluorescent tanning lights

Do & Don’t for Getting Freckles

DO: Wear hats, caps, and scarves when exposed to the sun.
DO: Use broad-spectrum sunscreen daily.
DO: Follow a healthy lifestyle.
DO: Eat a diet rich in vitamin C.

DON’T: Use tanning beds.
DON’T: Expose yourself to accidental radiation.
DON’T: Expose yourself to artificial UV light.
DON’T: Overexpose yourself to the sun.

Types of Freckles

There are two types of Freckles.

1. Ephelides:

These are tiny, flat, tan-colored spots. They are more visible in summers. In fact, one can see these in people with light skin, reddish hair, and bright eyes.

2. Solar lentigines:

These are large pigmented spots. They are isolated. Moreover, one can commonly find them in areas with sunburn. They are common in older people.

Treatments of Freckles

One doesn’t need to treat Freckles for medical reasons. In most cases, individuals wish to improve the appearance of freckles for cosmetic purposes. Dermatologists customize treatments based on skin type.

The same treatment may have different effects on different individuals.

Freckles often recur with repeated UV exposure.

  • Topical creams:

These mainly include skin lightening (bleaching) creams containing hydroquinone, AHA, kojic acids, retinoids, etc.

  • Medical Procedures

There are various medical procedures. They are safe and effective. Often, dermatologists recommend these procedures in combination with one another.

1. Chemical Peels:

 Chemical peels act by causing superficial peeling and removing the melanin pigment in superficial layers of skin. They also help fade and maintain freckles. 

Depending on the depth of skin penetrated, the chemical peels come in three different strengths: superficial, medium, and deep. Various peels such as glycolic acid, TCA peels, etc. can be used to treat freckles under the supervision of dermatologists.

Chemical peels can be used for freckles on the face, arms, and hands. They may temporarily cause some stinging, redness, irritation, and swelling. Skin takes about two weeks to heal in case of moderate peels. During this period, it’s essential to avoid the sun and apply a topical ointment daily to promote healing and soothe skin.

2. Cryotherapy:

  1. In cryotherapy, individual freckles are treated by using liquid nitrogen following which there is redness and sometimes scab formation, which falls off in 7-10 days.
  2. This procedure should be performed only by skilled and experienced dermatologists as it may cause temporary or permanent hypopigmentation over treated areas.
  3. However, nowadays because of the availability of much safer options like lasers, cryotherapy isn’t as common as it once was.

3. Laser Therapy:

  1. There are multiple types of lasers available that may help in lightening and reducing the appearance of the freckles in a safe and effective manner. This is quite a safe procedure and has a high success rate with an extremely low risk of scarring and skin discoloration.
  2. Q switch NdYAG is a very effective and safe laser used for laser treatment for freckles
  • Lifestyle changes  

1. Sun protection:

This is a must for preventing new freckles.  A broad-spectrum sunscreen (SPF>30) should be used daily. One must apply it for at least 15 minutes before going outdoors. Physical protection is a must too.

2. Vitamin C:

This vitamin prevents melanin production by inhibiting tyrosinase. Tyrosinase is the enzyme for melanin synthesis. Citrus fruits, kiwis, and spinach are all rich sources of this vitamin; you could also take vitamin C supplements.

Why Choose Clear Skin for Freckles Treatment?  

Clear Skin is a trusted and proven name for treating freckles on the face. Some reasons to choose Clear Skin for face freckles treatment include the following.

  • Over 30 years of extensive experience
  • A very high success rate
  • Comprehensive diagnosis and appropriate treatment
  • Highly qualified and experienced dermatologists
  • Lasers that are used for treatment are FDA approved
  • Various treatment options are available based on suitability
  • Over one lakh patients treated
  • Use of advanced technologies and approved treatment options

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Freckles

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Freckles or ephelides are brown spots on the skin. In fact, they are a cluster of melanized cells. In fact, these are a sign of overexposure to the sun.
While most freckles do not pose any danger, they indicate sun damage to the skin. Moreover, freckles have a tendency to develop with an increase in melanin production.

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"It was nice to being here. Good result. Happy with treatment of freckles"

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FAQs

What is the treatment of freckles on the face?

Freckles are brown spots on the skin that signify clusters of melanized cells. They indicate overexposure to the sun and are more visible on lighter skin. Based on the condition and the suitability of a particular treatment, freckles can be treated in various ways, including the following. Topical creams like skin lightening that contain retinoids, hydroquinone, AHA, kojic acids, etc.

  • Chemical Peels
  • Laser Therapy

  • Other treatment options to treat freckles on the face include using sunscreen and consuming vitamin C-rich foods.

    How do dermatologists remove freckles?

    Dermatologists remove freckles in many ways, based on their diagnosis and the suitability of a particular treatment option. They can prescribe topical creams, perform medical procedures like laser therapy or chemical peels to remove freckles on the face.

    How do I permanently get rid of freckles?

    Dermatologists can perform a range of treatments to help you get rid of freckles permanently. It includes lasers, chemical peels, serums, etc.

    However, regardless of the treatment and its effectiveness, you may still risk developing new freckles. Hence, one of the keys to removing freckles permanently is to treat the existing ones and prevent new ones from forming. You may do so by using dermatologist-prescribed sunscreen in the recommended quantities.

    Can chemical peel remove freckles?

    Chemical peels cause superficial peeling and remove the melanin pigment in the superficial skin layers. It also helps remove the dead skin and stabilize the melanocytes, which are responsible for pigmentation.