Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder. Melanocytes are cells in the body producing melanin which is responsible for giving brown color to our skin. In vitiligo, pigment-producing cells of our body that is melanocytes are destroyed causing white patches to appear on the skin.
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Vitiligo is a non-contagious disease that is caused by autoantibodies. In fact, this causes the immune system to become overactive and destroy melanocytes. Therefore, this results in white patches on the skin. It may also happen because of genetic causes, injuries, exposure to harmful chemicals or neural causes. White patches that appear on the hands, feet, arms, face, and lips are the main sites. These patches do not itch or pain.
DO: Apply moisturizers
DO: Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen.
DO: Take physical sun protection like scarves and umbrellas.
DON’T: Exposure to direct sunlight
DON’T: Use things made out of rubber, if you are sensitive to it.
DON’T: Eat unhealthy food
The most common type of vitiligo is the non-segmental vitiligo and is found in up to 90 percent of cases.
In the cases of non-segmental vitiligo, patches often appear equally on both sides of the body and are often symmetrical. In most of the cases, these spots appear on parts of the skin which is commonly exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, and hands. However, patches can also appear in other areas.
Vitiligo is not curable. It is only treatable. Moreover, it is not even preventable. This is because it is an autoimmune condition. When you visit a skin specialist, you need to provide your entire medical history to your doctor. Your dermatologist will assess your skin to first rule out any other skin ailment.
The doctor may do the following things to assess whether you have Vitiligo or not:
Finally, your dermatologist will determine if you have Vitiligo. Further, he will also determine how extreme or severe your condition is. He will decide on a treatment plan accordingly.
In fact, before choosing a treatment method, a dermatologist generally takes a blood test to assess the health of the thyroid gland. This is because people who have vitiligo often have thyroid diseases. If the patient has a thyroid disease, treatment can successfully control it. The treatments will take multiple sessions. In fact, the results will be visible over a period of 6-12 months.
The treatment approach for Vitiligo can be either one of the below treatments alone or in combination based on site, number, and extent of disease.
The goals of vitiligo treatment are to control the spread of disease and to get back the lost pigmentation in the affected area.
Laser: This therapy involves the use of an excimer laser which is a focussed beam of NBUVB used for small patchy or localized involvement.
Dermatologists will recommend surgery when the disease is stable that is not spreading or increasing. It also speeds up the process of repigmentation. Surgery is done in combination with other treatments like UV or laser therapy.
In this technique, the doctor uses a special surgical instrument to implant pigment into your skin. This procedure is most effective in and around the lips of people with darker complexions. However, it might get difficult to match skin color. If the procedure is not done properly, it can trigger another patch of vitiligo.
These treatments will be recommended by a dermatologist.
It is important to also make some lifestyle changes.
Vitiligo isn’t a threatening disease. However, it affects one’s self-esteem. Many individuals feel ashamed or sad and distressed due to Vitiligo. It is even more frustrating because it recurs.
Moreover, if the condition is not letting you lead your life properly, it can become stressful. You need support to cope with it.
Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder. Basically, it causes white patches to appear on the skin. Certain reasons damage melanin-producing cells called melanocytes.
"Dr Shah seem like a very reasonable and knowledgeable doctor. She makes you comfortable with her patience and assertiveness. Long term effect of medication is seen, however on the first look she seems like a person to go for any skin related ailments. I have got good results with respect to vitiligo treatment."
"Dr. Shah listen to our problems patiently * She is polite and of friendly nature. She explained me whole treatment very well. I can see good results for my vitiligo"
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"I am visiting this clinic for vitiligo treatment. Doctors as well as all staff members are very nice. Excellent follow-up and quick remedies. ...Clinic is good and hygienic and well equiped. Treatment cost is bit high but worth it..."
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