Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar

Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar

Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar Treatment in Pune

Keloid scars are firm, smooth, and dense growths that form on a healed wound. These are formed if there is any abnormality during the healing process. Keloid scars spread outside the area of the wound. . Hypertrophic scars form a thick layer of skin over a wound.

Keloid and Hypertrophic scar

Keloid Scars

Clotting begins to minimize blood loss after an injury to the skin. Consequently, the collagen and fibrous tissue form the scar tissue. This helps to repair and protect the wound. However, in some cases, this scar tissue grows excessively and forms a smooth, hard growth called keloid.

Generally, keloid scars grow beyond the original wound. They may be itchy. Moreover, they may worsen in appearance and become painful if left untreated.
Appearance – round, oval, or oblong with regular margins; some may have crab claw-like configurations with irregular borders.

  • Colour – pink to cherry red.
  • Texture – soft and doughy to rubbery and hard.
  • Histopathology – composed of collagen clusters

Hypertrophic Scars

A hypertrophic scar forms if the body overproduces collagen during the healing process. Consequently, the excess collagen may lead to an elevated scar. Usually, a hypertrophic scar does not develop beyond the boundaries of the original wound.

Moreover, the elastic strength of the scar helps to increase the strength of the injured skin by cross-linking collagen fibers.
. In most cases, they always remain elevated above the wound if left untreated.

  • Appearance – raised above the wound, does not cross the borders of the wound, radial growth.
  • Colour – pale.
  • Texture – flexible. soft to firm in consistency.
  • Histopathology – composed of collagen clusters and fibrous connective tissues.

Do & Don’t for Getting Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar

DO: Inform your doctor if you have a tendency to develop keloids and hypertrophic scars
DO: get your wounds treated at an early stage

DON’T: Ignore any injury or wounds
DON’T: Go for any procedures such as tattooing or any surgery without a Dermatologist’s opinoin.

 

Treatment Methods

Keloids:

The treatments act by suppressing the inflammation. Additionally, the treatments aim to inhibit collagen and fibrous scar tissue production.

Generally, keloids follow the lines of injury. However, they do not stay restricted to it and can spread to normal skin as well. They tend to be itchy, tender and painful. Moreover, they are capable of interfering with limb movement. Because of these reasons, keloids are difficult to treat, prone to recur, and never regress spontaneously.

Although they are difficult to treat, there are many treatment options to remove or at least improve the appearance of keloid scars. Steroid injections into the scar are most effective for small keloids. However larger keloids require a combination of surgery and other treatments. Your doctor will determine the course of treatment based on the location of the keloid, its size and depth, and the age of the patient.

  • Corticosteroids:

The most common treatment for keloids is injecting corticosteroids directly into the scar. The tissue doesn’t absorb the drug well enough through the skin to be effective. Hence, injections are more effective than topical applications.

  • Cryotherapy:

This method uses liquid nitrogen to freeze and destroy the keloid scar.

  • Compression therapy:

Pressure dressings can be used over the injury site within a month of the wound. This may prevent keloid formation.

  • Silicone sheeting:

They help in fading out the scar. They also make the skin tone even so that the scar matches the skin color. The patient wears the silicone sheets daily for over six to ten weeks for best results.

  • Immunomodulators:

They are natural or synthetic substances that help regulate the immune system. They reduce collagen production and cause the deactivation of fibrous tissue.

  • Retinoid:

Retinoids can help regulate the production of collagen and other skin cell factors. Hence, they are able to counteract the dysfunctional process in keloid stem cells. One can use them both topically or orally.

  • Calcium channel blockers:

In addition to inhibiting collagen and fibroid tissue production, they also reduce vascularity, pliability, height, and width of the lesions. Furthermore, injections of calcium channel blockers like verapamil given after surgical removal of keloids can also help cure or reduce recurrence rates.

  • Antihistamines:

They are anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative agents. Hence, they inhibit collagen synthesis and deposition. Additionally, they provide relief to the pain and itch associated with keloids.

  • Surgery:

Usually, surgery is reserved as a last resort, since it can itself lead to scar formation. Surgery can be followed by corticosteroid or verapamil injections and silicone sheeting to decrease the chances of recurrence.

  • Lasers :

The lasers such as IPL are used in the early-stage to reduce inflammation and vascularity of the keloid. The CO2 laser is used in keloid for its ablation, to regularise collagen formation, and also can be used as a drug delivery system.

  • Botulinum toxin

When given locally, this relaxes the muscles and reduced skin tension which is an important factor for causing keloid.

Hypertrophic Scars:

Hypertrophic scars can easily be treated however keloids are persistent. Various types of hypertrophic scars require various types of treatment.

Factors such as

  • Location
  • Depth
  • Size
  • Age
  • Previous treatment and response

Are the key determinants to deciding the method of treatment.

  1. Topical creams:

    silicon-containing creams are used as an adjuvant treatment to other procedural treatment

  2. Compression therapy:

    This is mainly used to break down the collagen. Usually, the procedure applies different pressure for each part of the body.

  3. Silicone gel sheeting:

    Silicone gel sheeting is one of the least fussy methods. Moreover, it is a simple and effective method. Usually, patients need to apply it once a day and keep for 12-23 hours for 4-6 weeks.

  4. Intralesional corticosteroid injections:

    The dosage depends on the size of the scar.

  5. Laser therapy:

    This treatment improves skin color and texture. lasers such as IPL and CO2 can be used.

Book Appointment




Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar

event-img

Keloid scars are firm, smooth and dense growths that form on a healed wound. Keloid scars spread outside the area of the wound. Hypertrophic scars are formed if there is any abnormality during the healing process. Hypertrophic scars form a thick layer of skin over a wound.

Related Videos

It works,

Says our Patients

Keloid_BeforeAfter

Before

After

Kishori Chavan

"Personally i feel good for curing my keloid scafr.. They charged 1200/- for keloid and it went completely "

Keloid_BeforeAfter1

Before

After

Sandeep Warang

"Overall Experience was amazing, Good services from staff. The results are amazing for my hypertrophic scars. Best treatments in pune. Ambience is good."

Keloid_BeforeAfter2

Before

After

Akshay Sawant

"Clinic with all the modern treatments. Doctors are very good. Reception is good and supporting, especially Aparna ma'am. She explained me treatment very well. "

Before

After

Deepak Gupta

"Lota of improvement in my scars, Doctors and staff is very friendly and helpful. Dr. Shah gives detailed explanation about treatment and precautions to be taken. I'm satisfied with the treatment and good to go "

Before

After

Vakil Sahani

"Overall Experience was amazing, Good services from staff. The results are amazing for scars. Best treatments in pune for all the skin and hair conditions. Ambience is good"

Why Choose Us?

Experienced team of doctors and staff

Years of experience

Treated 1L+ patients in Maharashtra

Patients satisfaction is top priority

Use advanced technologies

Expertise in treatments of various skin conditions
etc

Clearskin Insights

event-img

How To Prevent Scarring From Pimples?

Truly speaking, pimples are a teenager's nightmare. While these painful, red spots on the face can be frustrating, there is something worse. They can leave behind ugly scars that can last a lifetime. These scars are caused by the skin’s attempt to heal the surface damage caused by the pimple...

Read more....
event-img

How to Remove Acne Scars: Remedies For Blemish-Free Skin

Every woman’s biggest enemy, an acne scar is what is left behind of an unexpected pimple. While we all wish that drinking a magic potion could take it away at one instant—that is not practically possible. Acne is one of the most common conditions faced by 85% of women today,...

Read more....
event-img

How to Get Rid of Acne Scars Fast?

As acne isn't bad enough, acne scarring is like a double punishment. First, you have to deal with the inflammations and then the long term marks and scars they leave behind. The severe acne with pus-filled cysts under the skin that causes the scarring. Studies show that acne scarring affects...

Read more....

Clear Skin Ultimate Guides

event-img

19


May

Dark Circles Under Eyes: Causes,...

Periorbital dark circles, commonly known as dark circles, can be caused by various exogenous and endogenous factors; they can make your face appear dull and exhausted. Dark circles may not be permanen

Read more...
event-img

19


May

How to treat and prevent sunburn?

A sunburn occurs when the skin is overexposed to the sun’s rays and it gets inflamed and feels hot to touch. Sunburnt skin appears after a few hours of overexposure to the sun’s UV light, or from

Read more...