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Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar

Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar

Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar Treatment in Pune

Keloid scars are firm, smooth, and dense growths that form on a healed wound. These are formed if there is any abnormality during the healing process. Keloid scars spread outside the area of the wound. Hypertrophic scars form a thick layer of skin over a wound.

Worried about your skin condition? Get in touch with best of our skin specialists in Pune. For a skin treatment, book an appointment with our dermatologists near you +912071177333

Keloid and Hypertrophic scar

Table Of Contents

Keloid Scars

Hypertrophic Scars

Do & Don’t for Getting Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar

Treatment Methods

Keloid Scars

Clotting begins to minimize blood loss after an injury to the skin. Consequently, the collagen and fibrous tissue form the scar tissue. This helps to repair and protect the wound. However, in some cases, this scar tissue grows excessively and forms a smooth, hard growth called a keloid.

Generally, keloid scars grow beyond the original wound. They may be itchy. Moreover, they may worsen in appearance and become painful if left untreated.
Appearance – round, oval, or oblong with irregular margins; some may have crab claw-like configurations at the borders.

  • Colour – pink to cherry red.
  • Texture – soft and doughy to rubbery and hard.
  • Histopathology – composed of irregularly arranged collagen clusters

Hypertrophic Scars

A hypertrophic scar forms if the body overproduces collagen during the healing process. Consequently, the excess collagen may lead to an elevated scar. Usually, a hypertrophic scar does not develop beyond the boundaries of the original wound.

Moreover, the elastic strength of the scar helps to increase the strength of the injured skin by cross-linking collagen fibers.
. In most cases, they remain elevated above the wound if left untreated.

  • Appearance – raised above the wound, does not cross the borders of the wound, radial growth.
  • Colour – pale.
  • Texture – flexible. soft to firm in consistency.
  • Histopathology – composed of collagen clusters and fibrous connective tissues.

Do & Don’t for Getting Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar

DO: Inform your doctor if you have a tendency to develop keloids and hypertrophic scars
DO: get your wounds treated at an early stage

DON’T: Ignore any injury or wounds
DON’T: Go for any procedures such as tattooing or any surgery without a Dermatologist’s opinion.

Treatment Methods


The treatments act by suppressing the inflammation. Additionally, the treatments aim to inhibit collagen and fibrous scar tissue production.

Generally, keloids follow the lines of injury. However, they do not stay restricted to it and can spread to normal skin as well. They tend to be itchy, tender, and painful. Moreover, they are capable of interfering with limb movement if present at joints. Keloids are difficult to treat, prone to recur, and never regress spontaneously.

Although they are difficult to treat, there are many treatment options to remove or at least improve the appearance of keloid scars. Steroid injections in the keloids are most effective for small keloids. However larger keloids require a combination of surgery and other treatments. Your doctor will determine the course of treatment based on the location of the keloid, its size and depth, and the age of the patient.

  • Corticosteroids:

The most common treatment for keloids is injecting corticosteroids directly into the scar. The tissue doesn’t absorb the drug well enough through the skin to be effective. Hence, injections are more effective than topical applications.

  • Cryotherapy:

This method uses the application of extreme cold in form of liquid nitrogen to keloids resulting in freezing and destruction of keloidal tissue.

  • Compression therapy:

Pressure dressings can be used over the injury site within a month of the wound. This may prevent keloid formation. This treatment can also help to reduce keloid if formed already.

  • Silicone gel sheet:

They help in fading out the scar. They also make the skin tone even so that the scar matches the skin color. The patient wears the silicone sheets daily for over six to ten weeks for best results.

  • Immunomodulators:

They are natural or synthetic substances that help regulate the immune system. They reduce collagen production and cause the deactivation of fibrous tissue.

  • Retinoid:

Retinoids can help regulate the production of collagen and other skin cell factors. Hence, they are able to counteract the dysfunctional process in keloid stem cells. One can use them both topically or orally.

  • Calcium channel blockers:

In addition to inhibiting collagen and fibroid tissue production, they also reduce vascularity, pliability, height, and width of the lesions. Furthermore, injections of calcium channel blockers like verapamil given after surgical removal of keloids can also help cure or reduce recurrence rates.

  • Antihistamines:

They are anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative agents. Hence, they inhibit collagen synthesis and deposition. Additionally, they provide relief to the pain and itch associated with keloids.

  • Surgery:

Usually, surgery is reserved as a last resort, since it can itself lead to scar formation. Surgery can be followed by corticosteroid or verapamil injections and silicone sheeting to decrease the chances of recurrence.

  • Lasers :

The lasers such as IPL are used in the early-stage to reduce inflammation and vascularity of the keloid. The CO2 laser is used in keloid for its ablation, to regularise collagen formation, and also can be used as a drug delivery system.

  • Botulinum toxin

When given locally, this relaxes the muscles and reduced skin tension which is an important factor for causing keloid.

Hypertrophic Scars:

Hypertrophic scars are easy to treat and respond early as compared to keloids. Various types of hypertrophic scars require various types of treatment.

Factors such as

  • Location
  • Depth
  • Size
  • Age
  • Previous treatment and response

Are the key determinants to deciding the method of treatment.

  1. Topical creams:

    silicon-containing creams are used as an adjuvant treatment to other procedural treatment

  2. Compression therapy:

    This is mainly used to break down the collagen. Usually, the procedure applies different pressure to each part of the body.

  3. Silicone gel sheet:

    Silicone gel sheet is one of the least fussy methods. Moreover, it is a simple and effective method. Usually, patients need to apply it once a day and keep for 12-23 hours for 4-6 weeks.

  4. Intralesional corticosteroid injections:

    The dosage depends on the size of the scar.

  5. Laser therapy:

    This treatment improves skin color and texture. lasers such as IPL and CO2 can be used.

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Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar


Keloid scars are firm, smooth and dense growths that form on a healed wound. Keloid scars spread outside the area of the wound. Hypertrophic scars are formed if there is any abnormality during the healing process. Hypertrophic scars form a thick layer of skin over a wound.

Related Videos

It works,

Says our Patients

Keloid Removal Surgery Before And After



Kishori Chavan

"Personally i feel good for curing my keloid scafr.. They charged 1200/- for keloid and it went completely "

Hand Keloid Before And After



Sandeep Warang

"Overall Experience was amazing, Good services from staff. The results are amazing for my hypertrophic scars. Best treatments in pune. Ambience is good."

Keloid Before And After



Akshay Sawant

"Clinic with all the modern treatments. Doctors are very good. Reception is good and supporting, especially Aparna ma'am. She explained me treatment very well. "



Deepak Gupta

"Lota of improvement in my scars, Doctors and staff is very friendly and helpful. Dr. Shah gives detailed explanation about treatment and precautions to be taken. I'm satisfied with the treatment and good to go "



Vakil Sahani

"Overall Experience was amazing, Good services from staff. The results are amazing for scars. Best treatments in pune for all the skin and hair conditions. Ambience is good"

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How do you make keloid scars go away?

How to get rid of keloids? Keloid scar treatment involves suppressing the inflammation and aims to prevent the production of collagen and fibrous scar tissues. Doctors decide on the course of treatment based on the keloid’s location, depth, size and the patient age. Some potential keloid scar treatments include,

  • Cryotherapy
  • Silicone gel sheet
  • Surgery
  • Intralesional Steroids
  • Lasers

  • Experienced dermatologists can leverage the most appropriate treatment specific to your case and condition to ensure effective results.

    Are keloids permanent?

    Keloids can grow for months and years. They stop growing at some point. But they do not disappear automatically. You need to treat keloids to get rid of them.

    Does scar cream work on keloids?

    You may use topical silicone products for small keloids, based on the prescription of your dermatologist, preceded by a thorough diagnosis of your condition. However, the body’s response to the cream and its effectiveness may vary from person to person.

    Can a laser remove keloid scars?

    Lasers like IPL are used in the early stages to decrease the keloid’s inflammation and vascularity. Dermatologists use a CO2 laser in the keloid for its ablation and to regularize the formation of collagen.