Xanthelasma: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment | Clear Skin, Pune
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Xanthelasma

Xanthelasma

Xanthelasma Treatment in Pune

Xanthelasma is a condition in which lesions and fat-rich deposits form on the skin. Moreover, these lesions get deposited in various parts of the body and are yellowish in color.

Xanthelasma

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Table of Contents

Causes of Xanthelasma

Symptoms of Xanthelasma

Do’s & Don’ts for Getting Xanthelasma

Treatments of Xanthelasma

Xanthelasma can cause yellowish deposits of fat and cholesterol to collect under the skin.

  • Xanthelasma is also known as xanthelasma palpebrum is an accumulation of excess lipids that are present around the eyes.
  • It presents as flat, yellow-colored lesions present mainly on the inner side of the upper and lower eyelids.

Causes of Xanthelasma

Xanthelasma features yellow patches on the interior corners of the eyelids. Some causes of xanthelasma include the following.

  • Primary biliary cirrhosis (a liver disease) can increase cholesterol levels
  • Low HDL or high LDL cholesterol
  • Familial hypercholesterolemia, which is inherited high cholesterol

Symptoms of Xanthelasma

The development of flat yellow growths on the eyelids forms the most noteworthy of all signs and symptoms of xanthelasma. The most common locations include upper eyelids, especially near the nose, or one or both the lower eyelids. Xanthelasma is seen as a yellow-to-orange bump or patch. It is flat-surfaced and has well-defined borders.

Xanthelasma does not go away on its own. Instead, it may grow in number and spread to a significant surface area if not treated promptly.

Do’s & Don’ts for Getting Xanthelasma

DO: Follow a healthy lifestyle
DO: Eat a balanced diet.
DO: Exercise regularly.
DO: Maintain a healthy weight.

DON’T: Eat unhealthy junk food.
DON’T: Smoke
DON’T: Drink alcohol.
DON’T: Be inactive.

Treatments of Xanthelasma

​Xanthelasma is usually harmless. However, but it may be a sign of an underlying issue. It may be an issue with lipid levels and cholesterol. Hence, it may also be an early warning of heart disease.

Therefore, xanthelasma requires medical attention. Moreover, if left untreated, it will only spread further. Other than surgical methods, an individual’s lifestyle choices play a major role in people with increased levels of lipids. Only lifestyle changes have no effect on already developed lesions of xanthelasma. But it can help to prevent the spread or recurrence in a few individuals.

The following changes are necessary :

  • A healthy balanced diet with vegetables, salads, fruits, cereals, and meat.
  • Minimization of saturated fats (found in meat, butter, other dairy products, coconut oil, palm oil)
  • Reduction of intake of simple and refined sugars (found in soft drinks and confectionaries)
  • Losing weight
  • Exercising regularly
  • Avoid smoking & drinking

It can be treated with various treatment options.

  • Cryotherapy:

Cryotherapy treatment freezes the lesions with liquid nitrogen or another appropriate chemical. After which the lesions fall off in few days. But this treatment usually requires multiple sessions and is associated with post-inflammatory hyper/hypopigmentation so it is not done commonly.

  • Laser surgery with the Fractional CO2. 
    In this treatment CO2 laser is used for the removal of xanthelasma. this is done under topical anesthesia. removal with laser is a highly precise, minimally painful, and very safe way to treat xanthelasma.
  • Surgical removal In this method, the lesion is removed surgically under local anesthesia. This is usually done for larger extensive lesions and needs surgical skill and expertise.
  • Radiofrequency Advanced Electrolysis (RAF):

RF is considered an easy, safe, quick, inexpensive, and effective treatment for xanthelasma. In this, the lesion is removed layer by layer under local/topical anesthesia. 

  • TCA application

This treatment involves the application of a medicated solution (trichloroacetic acid) on the lesions. This usually requires multiple sessions and is done for small superficial lesions.

  • Medication

  • Medical management has a role only in people with associated disorders.
  • There is no role of medications in the removal of xanthelasma.

Xanthelasma

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Xanthelasma is a condition in which lesions fat-rich deposits form on the skin. Moreover, these lesions get deposited in various parts of the body and are yellowish in colour.

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FAQs

- Is there any medicine for Xanthelasma?

Medication is applicable only in the case of people with associated disorders. Medicines do not play any role in Xanthelasma removal or cure.

- Which treatment is best for Xanthelasma?

Dermatologists determine the best treatment for Xanthelasma removal only after a thorough diagnosis of the case, necessary tests, reviewing reports, and the suitability of a particular treatment in the patient’s case. Nevertheless, some treatment options include laser surgery with fractional CO2, surgical removal, trichloroacetic acid (TCA) application, Radiofrequency, laser ablation, and surgical excision.

- How long does it take to remove Xanthelasma?

The time for Xanthelasma removal depends on the treatment option. Radiofrequency ablation (RA) provides relatively quick results, and TCA application also demands numerous sessions to get rid of Xanthelasma.

- Does Xanthelasma come back after removal?

Certain underlying reasons can also cause Xanthelasma to return in the same area or another one after the treatment