Xanthelasma is a condition in which lesions and fat-rich deposits form on the skin. Moreover, these lesions get deposited in various parts of the body and are yellowish in color.
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Xanthelasma can cause yellowish deposits of fat and cholesterol to collect under the skin.
Xanthelasma features yellow patches on the interior corners of the eyelids. Some causes of xanthelasma include the following.
The development of flat yellow growths on the eyelids forms the most noteworthy of all signs and symptoms of xanthelasma. The most common locations include upper eyelids, especially near the nose, or one or both the lower eyelids. Xanthelasma is seen as a yellow-to-orange bump or patch. It is flat-surfaced and has well-defined borders.
Xanthelasma does not go away on its own. Instead, it may grow in number and spread to a significant surface area if not treated promptly.
DO: Follow a healthy lifestyle
DO: Eat a balanced diet.
DO: Exercise regularly.
DO: Maintain a healthy weight.
DON’T: Eat unhealthy junk food.
DON’T: Drink alcohol.
DON’T: Be inactive.
Xanthelasma is usually harmless. However, but it may be a sign of an underlying issue. It may be an issue with lipid levels and cholesterol. Hence, it may also be an early warning of heart disease.
Therefore, xanthelasma requires medical attention. Moreover, if left untreated, it will only spread further. Other than surgical methods, an individual’s lifestyle choices play a major role in people with increased levels of lipids. Only lifestyle changes have no effect on already developed lesions of xanthelasma. But it can help to prevent the spread or recurrence in a few individuals.
It can be treated with various treatment options.
Cryotherapy treatment freezes the lesions with liquid nitrogen or another appropriate chemical. After which the lesions fall off in few days. But this treatment usually requires multiple sessions and is associated with post-inflammatory hyper/hypopigmentation so it is not done commonly.
RF is considered an easy, safe, quick, inexpensive, and effective treatment for xanthelasma. In this, the lesion is removed layer by layer under local/topical anesthesia.
This treatment involves the application of a medicated solution (trichloroacetic acid) on the lesions. This usually requires multiple sessions and is done for small superficial lesions.
Xanthelasma is a condition in which lesions fat-rich deposits form on the skin. Moreover, these lesions get deposited in various parts of the body and are yellowish in colour.
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Medication is applicable only in the case of people with associated disorders. Medicines do not play any role in Xanthelasma removal or cure.
Dermatologists determine the best treatment for Xanthelasma removal only after a thorough diagnosis of the case, necessary tests, reviewing reports, and the suitability of a particular treatment in the patient’s case. Nevertheless, some treatment options include laser surgery with fractional CO2, surgical removal, trichloroacetic acid (TCA) application, Radiofrequency, laser ablation, and surgical excision.
The time for Xanthelasma removal depends on the treatment option. Radiofrequency ablation (RA) provides relatively quick results, and TCA application also demands numerous sessions to get rid of Xanthelasma.
Certain underlying reasons can also cause Xanthelasma to return in the same area or another one after the treatment