Skin health is a top priority for everyone as it factors into our confidence and the way we present ourselves. Skin pigmentation is one of the most common skin problems faced especially by those of us in sunny and tropical areas.
Issues like uneven skin tone and hyperpigmentation can be resolved with dedicated treatment regimens. Approaching a dermatologist for the right treatment protocol can help avoid the frustrations of a trial and error approach experimenting with home remedies and OTC products that can prove counterproductive. Let’s explore some of the treatment options available for those suffering from skin pigmentation issues.
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When melanin, the pigment that provides skin its colour, is generated in excess, the skin gets a darker tone. This condition is called hyperpigmentation. When melanin levels are lower, the skin gets a lighter skin tone and the condition is called hypopigmentation. So, the two main skin pigmentation types include hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation.
The types of hyperpigmentation are:
They are brown or black spots that occur on the skin, mostly on the hands and face in older adults. Sun exposure is the main cause of age spots such as freckles, lentigo, and seborrheic keratosis.
It is also called a mask of pregnancy, as it mostly occurs in pregnant women or those with a family history or melasma. This type of skin pigmentation is characterized by large dark patches on the skin, mostly on the forehead, and face. Those with a family history of melasma are more likely to get this condition.
This skin pigmentation type occurs after an inflammatory condition like eczema or acne and can be seen in the form of dark spots or patches anywhere on the body.
The types of hypopigmentation are:
It is a rare inherited disorder that occurs due to a genetic defect leading to a lesser generation of melanin by the skin. People with albinism have white skin and hair.
It is believed to occur due to an autoimmune disease that affects the skin cells that generate melanin. This skin condition leads to white patches on the skin.
The exact cause of this condition is not known, but it is believed to be linked with several causes including eczema. It mostly occurs in children and is characterized by the appearance of white, raised patches on the face.
These agents help to treat pigmentation by inhibiting melanin production and a few agents can also cause exfoliation of the skin to get rid of the superficial pigmented cells. Dermatologists recommend the application of these agents as one of the best treatments for pigmentation on the face as it helps even out skin tone and also improves skin texture. The popular options are:
Any person with uneven skin tone or pigmentation on the skin can benefit from the long-term use of these agents. however, the selection of agents depends on various factors such as cause and depth of pigmentation, skin type, patient occupation, lifestyle, etc. Though these creams take more time to show results than procedural methods and act only on superficial pigmentation, they are more accessible and affordable to people looking for inexpensive hyperpigmentation treatment.
These are prescription medications derived from Vitamin A and are among the oldest forms of skincare creams used. Dermatologists recommend these medicines for pigmentation treatment, especially, for those suffering from wrinkles and major hyperpigmentation problems.
Though these medicines can be used by all, dermatologists prescribe them to patients with mild skin tones. If you have a darker skin tone, you must confirm with your doctor before its long-term use. Retinoids also have an antiaging effect in addition to reducing hyperpigmentation, which means that their medicinal effect can help you with both pigmentation problems and unwanted wrinkles.
In this method, medicated solutions are used to treat hyperpigmentation. the goal of this treatment is to produce predictable, controlled removal of uniform thickness of damaged skin allowing facial rejuvenation, proper skin healing, and reduction in pigmentation.
It requires a few sessions to see the benefits of chemical peels. It is one of the safest and most effective methods to treat hyperpigmentation problems. Take care to avoid the sun after undergoing this treatment.
Anyone irrespective of age or gender can undergo this type of treatment. Chemical peel treatment is advised most to treat:
Laser treatment for pigmentation problems is becoming easily common as dermatologists recommend using targeted light beams to treat hyperpigmentation. Generally, doctors rely on two types of lasers, i.e., ablative and non-ablative. The most intense is the ablative lasers that help remove the epidermis layer. The non-ablative laser beams target the middle layer of the skin to remove any deep effect of pigmentation, promote collagen growth, and tighten the skin around.
Dermatologists treat pigmentation with different types of lasers depending on the type of pigmentation, the area, and the level of recovery time. Lasers stimulate collagen growth in the underlying layers of skin. As a result of this, the skin tightens and the skin tone also improves. The types of laser therapy treatments include:
Hyperpigmentation laser treatment is sought by most looking for skin resurfacing treatment. Anyone with conditions like uneven or patchy skin tone, dull face, or dark pigmentation can go for hyperpigmentation laser treatment.
This refers to the mechanical exfoliation of the skin’s upper layer to treat hyperpigmentation helps in improving skin tone and texture.
In this kind of treatment, a stream of microcrystals or a diamond head exfoliates the affected skin and rejuvenates it. It is a non-invasive technique that is carried out over multiple sessions to achieve the desired results. Microdermabrasion is appealing to many patients. It also has other advantages like:
Additionally, dermatologists use microdermabrasion to enhance the results of anti-aging products and skin-bleaching products. This treatment aids the easy penetration of these products.
Microdermabrasion treats best superficial scars and hyperpigmentation on the uppermost layers of skin. This pigmentation treatment option is suitable for all skin types if done correctly and post-procedural precautions are followed.
If required, Dermatologists take care to perform patch tests of dark and dry skin that must be treated for improved skin quality. For example, lip pigmentation treatment begets a different treatment than the method used to treat a scar on the face or the delicate area under your eyes. Patch tests will reveal if the treatment is effective for your skin type.
Since no skin tone is the same, the treatment options are also different depending on the complexion, seriousness of the pigmentation problem, lifestyle habits, and willingness to abide by the dermatologist’s advice.
Pigmentation treatment in Pune is an inexpensive affair and easily accessible. The charges are solely based on the nature and seriousness of the hyperpigmentation problem. If the pigmentation is over a larger patch of skin, the costs incurred will be higher. The costs also depend on the kind of treatment protocol, topical application, retinoids, chemical peels will be more affordable than more complex procedures such as laser therapies.
Too much sun exposure or lack of adequate skincare could turn disastrous with the appearance of dark spots and an unevenly toned complexion. We can help you recover your skin tone through evidence-based treatment methods and are transparent about the expected results to ensure patient satisfaction. We pride ourselves in giving patients great care and guidance during the pre and post-op stages, instead of treating it as a one-time session.
We use the best-in-class skin pigmentation & tan removal technologies and machinery that are approved by the FDA standards. This ensures that the highest safety protocols are followed, and enables us to deliver great results for our patients.
Issues like uneven skin tone and hyperpigmentation can be resolved with dedicated treatment regimens. Approaching a dermatologist for the right treatment protocol can help avoid the frustrations of a trial and error approach experimenting with home remedies and OTC products that can prove counterproductive. Let’s explore some of the treatment options available for those suffering from skin pigmentation issues
I have been visiting Clear Skin for last four months for extreme pigmentation and acne problem on my face. Doctors and support staffs at Clear Skin clinic are very helpful and caring and I can see a lot of improvement in last 4 months.
Experienced doctors, treatment done for pigmentation was really good and results can be seen within a week. Would surely recommend for skin problems.
"When I first came here, I had lot of Pigmentation, and black spots on my face and neck. The Doctors here helped me immediately and I undertook their pigmentation treatment. This treatment showed drastic results in very few sittings. "
"The hospital is well equiped with all kinds of hair and skin equipments. All the doctors are good and give patients the assurance of better skin. They have helped me to resolve my pigmentation issue. "
I had got severe pigmentation and lots of pimple marks. With laser treatment it has become an even tone skin now. Pimples frequency has been reduced upto 90-95%. Overall very good experience and results.
Darkening of the face post exposure to the sun
Dark coloured spots on face which stand out from surrounding skin
Dark Patches on the face on forehead, sides of face, cheeks etc.
Experienced team of doctors and staff
Years of experience
Treated 1L+ patients in Maharashtra
Patients satisfaction is top priority
Use advanced technologies
Expertise in treatments of various skin conditions
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Hyperpigmentation is nothing but the excessive production of melanin. If the pigmentation can be treated or not depends on whether the skin is affected at a deeper layer or at a superficial level. Rather than trying OTC creams or home remedies, your dermatologist can prescribe the right treatment protocol for your skin type.
To get your pigmentation issue resolved, you need to consult your dermatologist who can guide you on what treatment option would work the best for you post analyzing your medical condition. That being said, most treatments aim to help you by
Self diagnosis is inefficient and can be dangerous. It is best to let the dermatologists find out the nature and cause of your pigmentation, gauge the factors responsible for it, and decide on the right course of treatment. Experimenting with OTC medications and creams without consulting a dermatologist can aggravate the condition.
Our face skin produces more melanin compared to the rest of the body parts, so our face skin is generally a bit darker. The harmful rays of the sunlight can damage the melanin cells and as the face is more exposed to sunlight, it is the first to be impacted. If the melanin cells are disturbed or it becomes unhealthy then they start with excessive melanin productions. It can also result in patchy skin, you can get pigmentation on any part of the body including the face.
Daily application of sunscreen is preferred especially in tropical countries. You need to apply sunscreen at least 20 to 30 mins before going outside in the sun. Take a small amount of sunscreen and apply dot across the body and rub it in for enhanced absorption. Apply your moisturizer after application of sunscreen. You can use any broad-spectrum sunscreen lotion. In a day apply sunscreen atleast twice on exposed skin. For Indian skin tone, it’s better to use SPF 30 to SPF 50 (skin protection factor).