Melasma: Everything You Need To Know
You must have come across women, especially pregnant women, with brown colored patches on their cheeks. They seem like freckle-like spots forming large, flat patches. This is nothing but melasma. It is so common during pregnancy, that’s it’s often called “the mask of pregnancy”.
Melasma is a common chronic skin condition, resulting in symmetrical, blotchy, brownish facial pigmentation. Usually appears on a face – cheeks, forehead, bridge of a nose, above the upper lip, chin; and on other parts of the body exposed to the sun, like neck and forearms. Rarely seen in males, it’s mostly seen in women aged 20-50 years.
Why does it occur?
Basically, the pigmentation is due to overproduction of melanin (i.e. the colour pigment), by the pigment cells of the skin called melanocytes. That is why people who tan easily or have naturally brown skin are more prone to melasma because they have more active melanocytes compared to people with lighter skin.
Treatments For Melasma
- Oral & Topical Medications
- Superficial & medium depth Chemical peels
- Laser treatments
- Trichloroacetic acid treatment