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Skin Pigmentation

The melanin pigment in your skin is responsible for your skin colour. Special cells known as melanocytes produce this melanin. However, a damage to these cells alters melanin production. Moreover, patients suffer from pigmentation on the face, hands, back, chest.

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Dermatologists assess the pigmentation to treat it effectively. However, dermatologists may recommend various treatments to treat skin pigmentation. READ MORE



Skin pigmentation takes time for the pigmented skin to return to its original tone after pigmentation occurs. This may happen without treatment in some cases, but it may require treatment in others.


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Jaya More ,Kharadi, Pune

Treatment:Acne Pimples Date: Oct 18, 2019 Sessions: 4

“ Excellent guidance and neat treatment .”

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Hardik Parekh
Hardik Parekh
08:02 14 Mar 20
was here for prp treatment and I really felt that... explanation and guidance by doc and staff was very logical and helpful. I find it bit more expensive, but they are claiming for best in town .. so waiting for best result and then it would be worth paying.read more
Ranjit Maske
Ranjit Maske
07:28 13 Mar 20
Very friendly and accommodating staff ..doctors... and staff very experienced.... I m very happy with the result ..there staff calls and makes sure the patient after consultation or treatment comfortable and medication are being taken timely..I would like to recommend ...read more
Pratiksha Sathe
Pratiksha Sathe
07:35 07 Mar 20
It's is a very good experience. I have been... visiting for skin treatment and there's a good improvement in the skin.The doctors and staff both are friendly and helpful and make comfortable during and after the treatment also.read more
Fulchand Dhekale
Fulchand Dhekale
07:47 29 Feb 20
Very friendly and accommodating staff.Doctors and... treatment staff were very experienced and treatments showed results. Their staff also calls and makes sure the the patient is comfortable post treatment and medications are being taken timelyread more
Amol Dhokale
Amol Dhokale
07:42 29 Feb 20
I have taken Hair Treatment here.Pros:Staff is... very supportive and caring.Doctors are skilled and qualified.I personally feels it is the very good place to treat the hair related problem.I have seen very good result with my hair here.So I will recommend this clinic to all my friends who are facing hair problems.Cons:The treatment fee is little bit higher as compared to the other clinics.(I haven't had experience with other clinic treatment effect so I don't know about their results)read more
azharuddin momin
azharuddin momin
06:07 29 Feb 20
Hi, I am Azhar. I watched dr. Dhananjay Chavan... videos on youtube. I really liked the videos for hair transplant. Then I decided to transplant my hair. I visited the clinic in 2018. Dr. Prashant Patil started my hair treatment. I got good hair density after getting the treatment for 3 months. Then last year in may 2019 i have transplanted 6000 graphs which was an amazing experience. All Hair Md staffs from operation theatre and cameramen they all were fantastic during my session. Dr. Sachin pawar is one of the best and intelligent dr. I have ever met in my entire life and dr. Prashant is one of the talented and clever dr. Which hair md clinic has. The support staff specially the OT guys treated me as a relative. I did not find any kind of hesitation during my hair transplant surgery. Overall a great expetience. Then i have done my crown area tranaplant in november last year. So the total graphs which i tranplanted are 9096. My hair are looking natural now and are growing very well. I am getting natural look. I have chosen an awesome clinic to transplant my hair. Overall a fantastic job done by themread more
Rahul Maurya
Rahul Maurya
07:56 26 Feb 20
Today is my last day of treatment for my hair and... I feel I should share my experience in clear skin. Because I can clearly say that experience felt hear than I couldn't get from any were. I had lost my hair line It was refucing day by day I thautho only hair transplant is only solution. But here I met doctor Vikram and he recommended me not to do transplant and suggested PRP and mezzo guys it actually worked. Now I can feel my hair density has been increased. Saying about Vikram sir he gone through my problem. I will always suggest every one clear skin is best clinc for hair and skin. If you visit there ask for Vikram sir I m sure he will over come to your problem and will provide right solution.read more
Kanchan Kulkarni
Kanchan Kulkarni
14:35 22 Feb 20
Result oriented clinic . When I started my... treatment I had very few hair on my forehead but after a period of one year have strated getting my hair back. Thanks to Dr. Deepali and Akshay who take care of my hair treatment. Also would like to add that the staff is very friendly and helpful to its patients. I would strongly recommend Hair MD Clinic for Hair treatment.read more
Nikita Jadhav
Nikita Jadhav
11:30 22 Feb 20
Recommend dis ..good service..gud staff......
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Related Q&A’s

Skin Pigmentation

Melanin is naturally produced in the skin by cells called melanocytes. This is the pigment that gives color to your eyes, hair, and skin. Damaged or overstimulated melanocytes may begin to produce an abnormal level of melanin. An increase in melanin causes the skin to become hyperpigmented. Correspondingly, a decrease in melanin leads to hypopigmentation.

Do & Don't for Getting Pigmentation

DO: Visit your dermatologist in the initial stages.
DO: Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen (> SPF 30).
DO: Use sun protection like scarves and hats.
DO: You need to avoid excessive sun exposure.
DO: Carry an umbrella, wear full sleeves clothing or broad-brimmed hats.
DO: Wear SPF 30 broad-spectrum sunscreen with PA++ protection.

DON’T: Overexpose yourself to the sun.
DON’T: Step outdoors without sunscreen.
DON’T: Ignore sunburns as they may lead to skin cancer

Types of Skin Pigmentation

A. Skin discoloration

Skin discoloration is defined as any change in the natural skin color. This includes lightening, darkening or reddening. Cuts, scratches, or burns may also result in skin discoloration.

B. Hypopigmentation

A decrease in melanin production leads to hypopigmentation. Damage, inflammation or hereditary conditions may be the causative factors for this decrease. This condition may also be a result of a decrease in the amino acid tyrosine. This is because melanocytes use tyrosine as a catalyst to produce melanin.

Some of the disorders associated with multiple pale patches are:

  • Vitiligo
  • Leprosy

Causes of Hypopigmentation

The following conditions could cause hypopigmentation:

  • Firstly, injuries to the skin.
  • Secondly, pimples, blisters, chickenpox, and minor cuts.
  • Thirdly, skin treatments that have been carried out without medical supervision.

Types of Hypopigmentation

  • Generalised - This type usually occurs due to congenital defects like albinism.
  • Localised - This type is caused due to partial or complete loss of melanin in a given area. For example, vitiligo and leprosy are types of localized hypopigmentation.

C. Hyperpigmentation

An increase in melanin production results in hyperpigmentation. Triggers for hyperpigmentation include:

  • Side effects of drugs
  • Overexposure to the sun
  • Inflammation caused by an illness or disorder

This condition is quite common and usually harmless.

Some of the disorders associated with hyperpigmentation are:

  • Acanthosis nigricans
  • Melasma
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)

Causes of Hyperpigmentation

  • Firstly, improper laser and light treatment
  • Secondly, exposure to certain chemicals such as salicylic acid
  • Thirdly, tinea fungal infections such as ringworm
  • Fourthly, hormonal imbalance

Types of Hyperpigmentation

  • Generalised - This type is seen in 95% of people with Addison's disease. Additionally, 90% of people with hemochromatosis exhibit generalized hyperpigmentation.
  • Localised - While this type can be due to melanin, it may also be caused due to hemosiderin. Hemosiderin is an iron storage complex. For example, lentigines, photo contact dermatitis, melasma.

D. Depigmentation

Depigmentation is the complete loss of pigment. This loss of pigment may occur in individuals of both genders. The lesions are milky white, round or oval in shape.

Causes of Skin Pigmentation 

1. Overexposure to sunlight: Overexposure to sun irritates our skin and triggers hyperpigmentation. Moreover, sunlight darkens or tans our skin. In some people, tanning can result in hyperpigmentation.

2. Skin damage: Damage to your skin results in the melanocytes producing excess melanin. Damage may include slight irritation, dermatitis or even a pimple. Additionally, your skin loses the capacity to recover the even skin tone after the damage. As a result, darker or lighter shades of skin are produced over the affected area.

3. Hypersensitive reactions: A hypersensitive reaction to an allergen may affect the skin. Consequently, this stimulates the melanocytes and causes hyperpigmentation.

4. Medicines: Pharmaceuticals that trigger hyperpigmentation include -

  • Topical retinoids
  • Anti-infection and anti-seizure drugs
  • Non-steroidal medications
  • Lastly, chemotherapeutic medications

5. Hair removal: Removal of facial hair may cause hyperpigmentation. However, threading or proper shaving does not cause hyperpigmentation. In fact, factors that may cause hyperpigmentation are -
removing hair from the root
exposing the root to reactive chemicals

6. Hormonal change: Hormonal changes like an increase in estrogen may increase melanin production. Pregnancy or contraceptive pills may cause melasma. Melasma may disappear without treatment in some individuals.

7. Hereditary: Pigmentation is a condition that may be genetic. In such cases, it is important to protect yourself from the sun, hormonal changes or skin damage.


Treatments for Skin Pigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is only a visual discomfort, not a physical one. It is completely harmless unless associated with medical disorders. Wood’s lamp examination assists in the diagnosis of various pigments and infectious disorders. This diagnostic method uses UV light in the 365 nm range.

Additionally, Wood’s lamp diagnoses vitiligo, erythrasma, porphyria cutanea tarda, and other pigmentary disorders. Generally, doctors recommend a microbiological culture and microscopy of affected skin and skin biopsy.

The treatment modalities to treat pigmentation are: 

  • Lasers: 

Various experts have started using lasers for the treatment of skin pigmentation. Lasers treat only the affected skin and have minimal to no impact on the normal skin. They use the principle of selective photothermolysis. Hence, the laser selectively destroys the pigmented cells with no damage to the surrounding skin.

Dermatologists treat pigmentation with different types of lasers depending on the type of pigmentation, the area, and the level of recovery time. Lasers stimulate collagen growth in the underlying layers of skin. As a result of this, the skin tightens and the skin tone also improves.

  1. Q-switched laser: This is another type of laser which is commonly used for treating pigmentation. These lasers emit nanosecond pulses of light which target the melanin in pigmented skin. They selectively heat the pigment to destroy it. However, since the pulses are much shorter, they may also result in a photomechanical effect. Consequently, they shatter or shock the pigment causing it to breakdown.  Generally, these lasers have an advantage because these lasers require fewer treatments to treat pigmentation.
  2. Erbium Yttrium-Aluminium-Garnet (Er:YAG) Laser: This laser can be used to cure pigmentation problems. Additionally, it also treats acne scars, sun damage, fine lines, small to moderate wrinkles, and moles. Moreover, it has lesser side effects as compared to the Co2 laser. 
  3. Intense Pulsed Light (IPL): IPL therapy delivers a broad range of wavelengths of light at the same time. Hence, it can treat a combination of skin issues at the same time. This treatment is effective in treating hyperpigmentation and sun damage. Basically, they work by killing the affected skin cells, thereby rejuvenating the skin. 
  4. Alexandrite laser: Alexandrite lasers treat pigmented lesions using the principle of photothermolysis. These lasers destroy the affected skin very precisely. Moreover, they leave the surrounding area undamaged. Dermatologists prefer the Alexandrite laser to treat superficial pigmentation. Redness, swelling, itching are common side effects. 
  • Chemical peels

Chemical peels exfoliate and peel the skin off. Basically, chemical peels help in the generation of new skin. Chemical peels are of 3 types - superficial, medium and deep. Hyperpigmentation can be treated using chemical peels that contain trichloroacetic acid (TCA), salicylic acid or phenol. However, make sure you do it under the experienced eye of your dermatologist, to avoid scarring and pigment irregularities.

Nursing or pregnant women should not use chemical peels. Additionally, even psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis or rosacea patients should avoid chemical peels. Likewise, if you have taken Accutane in the last 6 months or retinoids in the last 48 hours you should avoid using chemical peels.

  • Microdermabrasion

In this treatment, a stream of microcrystals or a diamond head exfoliates the affected skin and rejuvenates it. It is a non-invasive technique. 

Microdermabrasion is appealing to many patients. It also has other advantages like:

  • Brightening up dull complexion.
  • Improving uneven skin tone or texture.
  • Reducing age spots.
  • Reducing dark spots that can appear when acne starts to clear.
  • Toning down melasma.

Additionally, dermatologists use microdermabrasion to enhance the results of anti-aging products and skin-bleaching products. This treatment aids the easy penetration of these products.

  • Skin lightening creams:

These creams inhibit melanin production and reduce the existing melanin from the skin. 

Hence, it is helpful to use products that contain a combination of the following ingredients:

  • Hydroquinone
  • Kojic acid
  • Azelaic acid
  • Arbutin
  • Prescription-based topical treatments

These topical applications exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin.

The following types of topical applications are useful:

  • Hydroquinone - is the only FDA approved skin lightening cream.
  • Kojic acid - is a derivative compound. It is extracted from a fungus that works like hydroquinone.
  • Azelaic acid - is useful in treating acne and hyperpigmentation.
  • Mandelic acid - is derived from almonds. This acid treats all types of hyperpigmentation.
  • Applications that contain retinoids, Retin-A or alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) like glycolic acid.
  • Peptides - are new generation amino acid molecules. Lightening agents containing peptides do not have any side effects. 
  • Creams that contain licorice and kojic acid.
  • Sunscreen - SPF 30, broad-spectrum sunscreen.

Important Announcement


Video Counselling Service

Video Calling Protocol
Hello Sir/Mam,

Clear Skin &HairMD team is pleased to offer ONLINE VIDEO COUNSELLING facility to to help patients with basic counselling for their skin and hair ailments, especially in the trying times when social distancing has become a necessity.

Our Doctors, will discuss your queries related to Skin & Hair Problems & guide you with basic information on medication and care

Video Counselling - Days & Time

All Days, Between 10 am to 2 pm

Basic Information related to Video Counselling Sessions

  1. Counselling will be done with Prior appointment, which should be taken at least 2 days before the session
  2. Counselling session Slot will be finalised post the payment confirmation from our accounts team
  3. Video Counselling session duration - 15 min
  4. Consultation Fee for each session - Rs 700 (Payment Details are shared below for your reference)
  5. Sessions can be done through Whatsapp video call
  6. Before the session, you will need to share your Images and questions related to your skin/hair ailment on WhatsApp of our with our Patient Support Team at +91-74989 06403
  7. Images of the area should cover all sides. Images should be in good light with focus. For e.g. image of face should cover left and right side chin, forehead and cheeks. This will help us contextualise the discussion.
  8. Medicines will be prescribed as per the latest Medical Council of India guidelines for Telemedicine (March 2020) and sent over email and WhatsApp,
About Doctors

Dr. Dhananjay Chavan

Clearskin is spearheaded by Dr. Chavan, a certified dermatologist with over 30 years of experience. He has successfully treated patients with different dermatological problems.
He is the Medical Director and the driving force behind ClearSkin.
He completed his Masters in Dermatology from the historic B. J. Medical College Sassoon Hospital, Pune. He is a visiting faculty at the Department of Dermatology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Karad.
He is very passionate about all types of cosmetological and dermatological procedures and is strongly recommends a holistic approach for all types of skin and cosmetological problems.

Dr. Chavan is one of the leading dermatologists in India, and is well known internationally as well.

Dr. Sachin Pawar

Dr. Sachin Pawar is a highly qualified hair transplant consultant and surgeon with more than 17 years of industry experience. He completed his post graduation from Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences KIMS, Karad. He has been associated with Dr. Dhananjay Chavan since the past 10 years. He has relevant experience in the fields of dermatology, hair transplant and surgery. He has an associate member of International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ISHRS).

Payment Details

Payment can be made through any of the below mentioned mode of payments

Google pay (QR code sent separately for your reference)

Paytm (QR code below for your reference)

Note: On completion of payment please mail us  payment details (screenshot, statement) as a proof of payment.

In case you need any additional details, please feel free to call / mails us.

For any additional Queries connect with our Patient Support Team at +91-74989 06403

Timeline for Skin Pigmentation


Skin pigmentation may not always need treatment. However, many treatment modalities are available if you decide to undergo treatment. The following factors will differ as per the type of pigmentation -

  • Firstly, the number of sessions 
  • Secondly, the frequency of sessions 
  • Thirdly, the recovery time 

The treatment results are based on - 

  • First, the site
  • Second, the type of laser 
  • Third, the response of your skin to treatment

Do & Don't for Getting Acne

DO: Cleanse your face.
DO: Moisturise your skin.
DO: Stay hydrated.
DO: Use sunscreen daily.
DO: Follow a healthy diet.

DON’T: Pop and poke your pimples.
DON’T: Use excessive make-up products.
DON’T: Eat oily foods.
DON’T: Over-exfoliate.
DON’T: Scrub your skin too roughly.

Do & Don't for Getting Acne Scars

DO: Visit your dermatologist in the initial stages.
DO: Follow a healthy skincare regime to prevent acne.
DO: Use products that reduce inflammation and redness.
DO: Moisturise your skin.

DON’T: Over-exfoliate.
DON’T: Pop and poke your pimples.
DON’T: Try home remedies as they don’t work.
DON’T: Delay the treatment of your acne.