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Skin Pigmentation

The melanin pigment in your skin is responsible for your skin colour. Special cells known as melanocytes produce this melanin. However, a damage to these cells alters melanin production. Moreover, patients suffer from pigmentation on the face, hands, back, chest.

TREATMENT MODALITIES

Dermatologists assess the pigmentation to treat it effectively. However, dermatologists may recommend various treatments to treat skin pigmentation. READ MORE

TREATMENT VIDEOS

TIMELINE

Skin pigmentation takes time for the pigmented skin to return to its original tone after pigmentation occurs. This may happen without treatment in some cases, but it may require treatment in others.

PATIENT SPEAK

Patient Speak 36

Jaya More ,Kharadi, Pune

Treatment:Acne Pimples Date: Oct 18, 2019 Sessions: 4

“ Excellent guidance and neat treatment .”

Popular Videos for Skin Pigmentation

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BEFORE & AFTER

GOOGLE REVIEWS

Atul Kadam
Atul Kadam
11:25 15 Feb 20
I had a great experience here... Doctors are very... cooperative and explains the problem in detail. It has definitely improved my skin for which I had consulted here. Hope to see the same service going forward in the treatmentread more
Rohini Gilbile
Rohini Gilbile
10:44 15 Feb 20
Good experience
Parag Satav
Parag Satav
07:19 15 Feb 20
Since last two month I enrolled here for skin... treatment (pimple/dark spot).#I feel good improvement in skin. Doctor as well as staff is very good.Specially I would like to mention the staff who did the treatment. I feel its they treat very well. Took their own time, giving suggestions while treatment, asking about the of treatment intensity etc. It was good experience till now. Also I got concession though I paid lump sum amount. Also equipment's for treatment seems to be highly ..Overall is good experience till now.Seems treatment is temporary..after treatment finish you ll back to as we're.. not a permanent. Cost is too muchread more
akash mulik
akash mulik
12:36 12 Feb 20
Very good experience
Sunil Gangawane
Sunil Gangawane
06:46 12 Feb 20
Good experience
Devyani choudhari
Devyani choudhari
10:12 10 Feb 20
Recommended! Wel maintained records, systematic... work, great doctors and staff.hav patience and regular followup wil definitely help.read more
Trupti Chavan
Trupti Chavan
08:34 10 Feb 20
Exlent
Shaunak Shete
Shaunak Shete
05:57 06 Feb 20
Very friendly staff, doctors are very... experienced, treatments show promising results.read more
Ashish Hirolli
Ashish Hirolli
06:28 05 Feb 20
Very friendly and accommodating staff.Doctors and... treatment staff were very experienced and treatments showed results. Their staff also calls and makes sure the the patient is comfortable post treatment and medications are being taken timely. The appointments timing's were flexible for me, As it's open all day.read more
Sanjay Bajaj
Sanjay Bajaj
10:04 03 Feb 20
So nice experience to deal with your skin related... problems... Expert opinion, all procedures, polite staff , well co ordination all under one roof...read more
muskan shaikh
muskan shaikh
09:07 03 Feb 20
The service was good n I love the way how the... doctor interacted with me .read more
Pallavi Gabhane
Pallavi Gabhane
08:23 01 Feb 20
Friendly behavior of doctors and nice... consultation. Well maintained and nice servicesI am taking treatment here for severe acne and the outcome is really amazing...the procedure is bit time taking but you need to have patience for best results.I will recommend this to everyone who wants to get rid of acne..just follow the instructions givenread more
Raj Manjrekar
Raj Manjrekar
07:04 01 Feb 20
I have been visiting for hair treatment. Doctor... and staff both are very friendly and make sure you are comfortable during as well as post your treatment. Also the appointment timings are very flexible. Recommendedread more
ratnadeep utekar
ratnadeep utekar
15:07 30 Jan 20
It's a really best solution for every skin and... hair disease with experienced doctors and advanced technology. Staff is very nice. The best dermatologist in town.read more
asmita mane thorat
asmita mane thorat
06:34 25 Jan 20
I have been taking treatment since. Last 1 year.... And I have got tremendous change in my skin. Thanks clearskinread more
Aishwarya Janbandhu
Aishwarya Janbandhu
08:31 24 Jan 20
Service is very good ,staff is also very helpful... and Dr.Deepali ma'am is very nice ,her behaviour towards her patient is so good that you will feel better at the first time only.read more
Narasaiah Muppalla
Narasaiah Muppalla
12:29 23 Jan 20
Good experience
Avinash More
Avinash More
14:22 11 Jan 20
This is my second visit at hair md..before coming... here i faced a lot of depression because of my hairfall..but after meeting Dr. Vikram ..I am feeling confident now ..he is very polite and has good knowledge of his domain ..read more
Sudiksha Jaiswal
Sudiksha Jaiswal
10:39 11 Jan 20
I have been coming to Clear skin for 4 yrs now,... for routine skin cleanups and hair treatments. I have kind of stopped using any beauty treatments at salons. Expert team of Dr's is very thorough with treatment options and execution. Dr. Chavhan has always been my go to Dr for any sort of skin and hair problems. My skin has never felt better. Clear skin is lifestyle for me now. Highly recommend clear skin.read more
Jaymin Modi
Jaymin Modi
08:11 11 Jan 20
Results were more than satisfactory as off the... second sitting.read more
Raviraj Hase
Raviraj Hase
06:15 04 Jan 20
Had a treatment on Acne and scars. Had a good... treatment. Doctors are nice and very explanatory. Dr. Rose and Dr. Monali are very knowledgeable and give correct treatment.Had a good experience.read more
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Skin Pigmentation

Melanin is naturally produced in the skin by cells called melanocytes. This is the pigment that gives color to your eyes, hair, and skin. Damaged or overstimulated melanocytes may begin to produce an abnormal level of melanin. An increase in melanin causes the skin to become hyperpigmented. Correspondingly, a decrease in melanin leads to hypopigmentation.

Do & Don't for Getting Pigmentation

DO: Visit your dermatologist in the initial stages.
DO: Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen (> SPF 30).
DO: Use sun protection like scarves and hats.
DO: You need to avoid excessive sun exposure.
DO: Carry an umbrella, wear full sleeves clothing or broad-brimmed hats.
DO: Wear SPF 30 broad-spectrum sunscreen with PA++ protection.

DON’T: Overexpose yourself to the sun.
DON’T: Step outdoors without sunscreen.
DON’T: Ignore sunburns as they may lead to skin cancer

Types of Skin Pigmentation

A. Skin discoloration

Skin discoloration is defined as any change in the natural skin color. This includes lightening, darkening or reddening. Cuts, scratches, or burns may also result in skin discoloration.

B. Hypopigmentation

A decrease in melanin production leads to hypopigmentation. Damage, inflammation or hereditary conditions may be the causative factors for this decrease. This condition may also be a result of a decrease in the amino acid tyrosine. This is because melanocytes use tyrosine as a catalyst to produce melanin.

Some of the disorders associated with multiple pale patches are:

  • Vitiligo
  • Leprosy

Causes of Hypopigmentation

The following conditions could cause hypopigmentation:

  • Firstly, injuries to the skin.
  • Secondly, pimples, blisters, chickenpox, and minor cuts.
  • Thirdly, skin treatments that have been carried out without medical supervision.

Types of Hypopigmentation

  • Generalised - This type usually occurs due to congenital defects like albinism.
  • Localised - This type is caused due to partial or complete loss of melanin in a given area. For example, vitiligo and leprosy are types of localized hypopigmentation.

C. Hyperpigmentation

An increase in melanin production results in hyperpigmentation. Triggers for hyperpigmentation include:

  • Side effects of drugs
  • Overexposure to the sun
  • Inflammation caused by an illness or disorder

This condition is quite common and usually harmless.

Some of the disorders associated with hyperpigmentation are:

  • Acanthosis nigricans
  • Melasma
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)

Causes of Hyperpigmentation

  • Firstly, improper laser and light treatment
  • Secondly, exposure to certain chemicals such as salicylic acid
  • Thirdly, tinea fungal infections such as ringworm
  • Fourthly, hormonal imbalance

Types of Hyperpigmentation

  • Generalised - This type is seen in 95% of people with Addison's disease. Additionally, 90% of people with hemochromatosis exhibit generalized hyperpigmentation.
  • Localised - While this type can be due to melanin, it may also be caused due to hemosiderin. Hemosiderin is an iron storage complex. For example, lentigines, photo contact dermatitis, melasma.

D. Depigmentation

Depigmentation is the complete loss of pigment. This loss of pigment may occur in individuals of both genders. The lesions are milky white, round or oval in shape.

 

Causes of Skin Pigmentation 

1. Overexposure to sunlight: Overexposure to sun irritates our skin and triggers hyperpigmentation. Moreover, sunlight darkens or tans our skin. In some people, tanning can result in hyperpigmentation.

2. Skin damage: Damage to your skin results in the melanocytes producing excess melanin. Damage may include slight irritation, dermatitis or even a pimple. Additionally, your skin loses the capacity to recover the even skin tone after the damage. As a result, darker or lighter shades of skin are produced over the affected area.

3. Hypersensitive reactions: A hypersensitive reaction to an allergen may affect the skin. Consequently, this stimulates the melanocytes and causes hyperpigmentation.

4. Medicines: Pharmaceuticals that trigger hyperpigmentation include -

  • Topical retinoids
  • Anti-infection and anti-seizure drugs
  • Non-steroidal medications
  • Lastly, chemotherapeutic medications

5. Hair removal: Removal of facial hair may cause hyperpigmentation. However, threading or proper shaving does not cause hyperpigmentation. In fact, factors that may cause hyperpigmentation are -
removing hair from the root
exposing the root to reactive chemicals

6. Hormonal change: Hormonal changes like an increase in estrogen may increase melanin production. Pregnancy or contraceptive pills may cause melasma. Melasma may disappear without treatment in some individuals.

7. Hereditary: Pigmentation is a condition that may be genetic. In such cases, it is important to protect yourself from the sun, hormonal changes or skin damage.


 

Treatments for Skin Pigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is only a visual discomfort, not a physical one. It is completely harmless unless associated with medical disorders. Wood’s lamp examination assists in the diagnosis of various pigments and infectious disorders. This diagnostic method uses UV light in the 365 nm range.

Additionally, Wood’s lamp diagnoses vitiligo, erythrasma, porphyria cutanea tarda, and other pigmentary disorders. Generally, doctors recommend a microbiological culture and microscopy of affected skin and skin biopsy.

The treatment modalities to treat pigmentation are: 

  • Lasers: 

Various experts have started using lasers for the treatment of skin pigmentation. Lasers treat only the affected skin and have minimal to no impact on the normal skin. They use the principle of selective photothermolysis. Hence, the laser selectively destroys the pigmented cells with no damage to the surrounding skin.

Dermatologists treat pigmentation with different types of lasers depending on the type of pigmentation, the area, and the level of recovery time. Lasers stimulate collagen growth in the underlying layers of skin. As a result of this, the skin tightens and the skin tone also improves.

  1. Q-switched laser: This is another type of laser which is commonly used for treating pigmentation. These lasers emit nanosecond pulses of light which target the melanin in pigmented skin. They selectively heat the pigment to destroy it. However, since the pulses are much shorter, they may also result in a photomechanical effect. Consequently, they shatter or shock the pigment causing it to breakdown.  Generally, these lasers have an advantage because these lasers require fewer treatments to treat pigmentation.
  2. Erbium Yttrium-Aluminium-Garnet (Er:YAG) Laser: This laser can be used to cure pigmentation problems. Additionally, it also treats acne scars, sun damage, fine lines, small to moderate wrinkles, and moles. Moreover, it has lesser side effects as compared to the Co2 laser. 
  3. Intense Pulsed Light (IPL): IPL therapy delivers a broad range of wavelengths of light at the same time. Hence, it can treat a combination of skin issues at the same time. This treatment is effective in treating hyperpigmentation and sun damage. Basically, they work by killing the affected skin cells, thereby rejuvenating the skin. 
  4. Alexandrite laser: Alexandrite lasers treat pigmented lesions using the principle of photothermolysis. These lasers destroy the affected skin very precisely. Moreover, they leave the surrounding area undamaged. Dermatologists prefer the Alexandrite laser to treat superficial pigmentation. Redness, swelling, itching are common side effects. 
  • Chemical peels

Chemical peels exfoliate and peel the skin off. Basically, chemical peels help in the generation of new skin. Chemical peels are of 3 types - superficial, medium and deep. Hyperpigmentation can be treated using chemical peels that contain trichloroacetic acid (TCA), salicylic acid or phenol. However, make sure you do it under the experienced eye of your dermatologist, to avoid scarring and pigment irregularities.

Nursing or pregnant women should not use chemical peels. Additionally, even psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis or rosacea patients should avoid chemical peels. Likewise, if you have taken Accutane in the last 6 months or retinoids in the last 48 hours you should avoid using chemical peels.

  • Microdermabrasion

In this treatment, a stream of microcrystals or a diamond head exfoliates the affected skin and rejuvenates it. It is a non-invasive technique. 

Microdermabrasion is appealing to many patients. It also has other advantages like:

  • Brightening up dull complexion.
  • Improving uneven skin tone or texture.
  • Reducing age spots.
  • Reducing dark spots that can appear when acne starts to clear.
  • Toning down melasma.

Additionally, dermatologists use microdermabrasion to enhance the results of anti-aging products and skin-bleaching products. This treatment aids the easy penetration of these products.

  • Skin lightening creams:

These creams inhibit melanin production and reduce the existing melanin from the skin. 

Hence, it is helpful to use products that contain a combination of the following ingredients:

  • Hydroquinone
  • Kojic acid
  • Azelaic acid
  • Arbutin
  • Prescription-based topical treatments

These topical applications exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin.

The following types of topical applications are useful:

  • Hydroquinone - is the only FDA approved skin lightening cream.
  • Kojic acid - is a derivative compound. It is extracted from a fungus that works like hydroquinone.
  • Azelaic acid - is useful in treating acne and hyperpigmentation.
  • Mandelic acid - is derived from almonds. This acid treats all types of hyperpigmentation.
  • Applications that contain retinoids, Retin-A or alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) like glycolic acid.
  • Peptides - are new generation amino acid molecules. Lightening agents containing peptides do not have any side effects. 
  • Creams that contain licorice and kojic acid.
  • Sunscreen - SPF 30, broad-spectrum sunscreen.

Timeline for Skin Pigmentation

 

Skin pigmentation may not always need treatment. However, many treatment modalities are available if you decide to undergo treatment. The following factors will differ as per the type of pigmentation -

  • Firstly, the number of sessions 
  • Secondly, the frequency of sessions 
  • Thirdly, the recovery time 

The treatment results are based on - 

  • First, the site
  • Second, the type of laser 
  • Third, the response of your skin to treatment

Do & Don't for Getting Acne

DO: Cleanse your face.
DO: Moisturise your skin.
DO: Stay hydrated.
DO: Use sunscreen daily.
DO: Follow a healthy diet.

DON’T: Pop and poke your pimples.
DON’T: Use excessive make-up products.
DON’T: Eat oily foods.
DON’T: Over-exfoliate.
DON’T: Scrub your skin too roughly.

Do & Don't for Getting Acne Scars

DO: Visit your dermatologist in the initial stages.
DO: Follow a healthy skincare regime to prevent acne.
DO: Use products that reduce inflammation and redness.
DO: Moisturise your skin.

DON’T: Over-exfoliate.
DON’T: Pop and poke your pimples.
DON’T: Try home remedies as they don’t work.
DON’T: Delay the treatment of your acne.