Freckles are a type of pigmentation which occurs usually on the face. This is a spotted, scattered, brownish colored pigmentation which usually occurs in fair skin type patients. Sometimes, it may occur in a dark-skinned individual also if they have a family history of the same kind of pigmentation.
These freckles are located mainly on exposed parts of our body like face, chest, back, shoulder. The freckles are mainly due to an increase in the amount of dark pigment called melanin & increase the total number of melanin-producing cells called melanocytes. These freckles usually get darker after exposure to sun mainly in summer & get lighter in winters.
Freckles can be reduced significantly with the help of various treatments like chemical peels, Lasers. However, chemical peels usually don’t give the best outcome & laser treatments are required.
Fractional Q switched 1064 Nd YAG laser is a gold standard, FDA approved treatment for removal of freckles. In this treatment, Laser beam targets the individual pigment spot one by one & targets the melanin pigment in the skin. This laser energy, help in the breakdown of this pigment cells into multiple fragments. These fragments are then gradually eliminated through our immune channels & helps in the lightening of the pigment. This process is a bit gradual & take more time to see the results.
Multiple treatment sessions are required depending upon the severity of the pigment & type of skin after treatment treated area appears to be swollen, inflamed, with punctate bleeding at some points. This is called as treatment downtime which usually gets settle down in 6 to 7 days. A strict photoprotection is advised during & after the procedure to avoid recurrences.
On an average, 5 to 6 sessions are required with a gap of 6 weeks interval. Results of these treatments may vary from individual to individual. If strict photoprotection is not followed, then there are chances of getting freckles again after the recovery.
We request you to consult board, a certified dermatologist who is fully equipped with all these treatment modalities under roof.
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