Melanin is a skin pigment that makes the hair, skin, and eyes appear darker. There are two forms of melanin pigment in our body – Eumelanin and Pheomelanin. The lower layers of the epidermis trigger the melanocytes, which produce the melanin pigment. More the melanin production in the body, the more our skin looks darker and with less melanin production, the more the skin looks lighter and fair.
Apart from playing a role in deciding our skin tone, melanin also plays a very important role in keeping us safe from the harmful sun rays. Melanin helps protect the skin from UV rays.
Increasing the melanin pigment is an effective way to reduce skin cancer risk. There are different ways to increase melanin in your body like Vitamin A, Antioxidants, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and herbs.
What Happens with an Increase in Melanin?
Hyperpigmentation is a condition caused by an increase in melanin. It’s very important to take care of your skin throughout the year and not just during any particular season. Sunburn and hyperpigmentation due to sun-exposure can happen anytime and not just in summer particularly. Pigmentation is one of the biggest problems that are very commonly seen in everyone.
Use a sunblock of broad-spectrum SPF 30, physical cream. Apply it 3 times a day even if you’re staying inside. Always apply sunscreen 20 mins before going out. If you are going out in the hot sun, return and apply raw aloe vera gel to get rid of pigmentations. Apply ice packs on the sunburn area, as it can reduce the redness immediately and prevent permanent damage to the skin.
If you are looking out for other effective treatments to reduce pigmentation then you can try chemical peeling, which can help you to reduce the patchy pigmentations. Laser treatments like CO2 and Q switch are also good to be done for pigmentation removal. Consult with Clear Skin Experts for more information.
How to Reduce Melanin?
But here we will discuss how to reduce melanin naturally? Here are a few home remedies and tips to make you look fairer by reducing the melanin in your skin –
Lemon is a natural ingredient to reduce the dark spots and give you brighter looking skin. A small amount of lemon is good to control melanin production.
Tomatoes help reduce the risk of sunburns. Lycopene present in tomatoes has a photo-protective effect that provides protection from sunburns.
Potato is another natural ingredient that lightens dark spots and helps reduce hyperpigmentation.
Oatmeal is a natural exfoliator and contains anti-inflammatory properties. It helps in reducing blemishes, giving you clearer skin.
Cucumber application on your skin will make your skin look brighter and clearer. Cucumber has a component- silica that helps in reducing dark circles.
Aloe Vera is also one of the oldest and safe methods to have brighter and smoother skin. It contains antioxidants, vitamin A and vitamin C. It has a component Polysaccharides that helps in reducing dark spots which makes your skin look clearer.
Let’s talk about some of the diets which also plays a good role:
Food which should be included in your diet to have a clear and happy skin, which include tomatoes, vitamin acid foods, papaya, kiwi, watermelon, etc.
Regular intake of such foods can surely give you good and healthy skin. Try keeping those in your diet..
Apart from these home remedies and diets, you can follow these general measures:
Apply sunscreen 3 times a day, 20 minutes before going out to prevent sun exposure.
Use broad beam hats and scarfs to prevent tanning.
I hope you got clear information about melanin pigment and its body.