How to get rid of Milia?

Jul 2, 2021

Our face is the first thing that anyone sees in us, so if there’s any mark or raised bump we feel embarrassed or might be self-conscious. Milia can be seen in cluster formation over the face. And it affects the individuals only cosmetically. Therefore many people have questions in their minds, “how to get rid of milia” and here I will be explaining how.

What are Milia?

If a tiny and painless bump in a group occurs over your nose, cheeks, forehead, jaw, behind ears and around your eyes, then it might be a Milia. At the surface of the skin when a tiny skin flakes gets trapped, then it results in the formation of Milia. Milia is a benign condition, which is completely non-contagious.

Types of Milia 

There are various types of milia, such as:

1. Primary Milia (children & adults)

In children milia seen over the nasal crease in a row. 

2. Traumatic milia

  • Occurs at the site of injury when the skin heals
  • Arise from sweat ducts
  • Examples include thermal burns, dermabrasion, blistering disorders

3. Milia en plaque

  • Multiple milia of various sizes
  • Milia found on the eyelids, behind the ear, on a cheek or jaw
  • Affects both children & adults, especially middle-aged women

4. Multiple eruptive Milia

Lesions on the face, upper arms and upper trunk

5. Neonatal Milia

  • Doesn’t require treatment
  • Affects 40–50% of newborns
  • Few to numerous lesions
  • Commonest site – is a nose 
  • Special sites such as the scalp, upper trunk or inside the mouth -Spontaneously heal within a few weeks of birth
  • No treatment required – Reassure patient’s family

Must Read

How to identify Milia?


What causes Milia?

Causes of Milia differ in newborns from older children and adults.

Newborn 

  • In the newborn cause milia are still unknown.
  • But many times it can be mistakenly get confused by baby acne.
  • Basically caused when the hormones from the mother get triggered.
  • Baby acne can only be seen after two to four weeks.

Older children & adults

However, in adults and older children milia associated with some type of damage to the skin.

  • Milia have an association with some other medical skin conditions such as epidermolysis bullosa (EB), cicatricial pemphigoid, or porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) which results in blistering.
  • Burn 
  • Long term sun exposure, resulting in sun damage to the skin.
  • Long term of steroidal cream use.
  • Due to some skin cosmetic treatments, such as dermabrasion or laser resurfacing.
  • Aging 

How to remove milia?

In infants as such no necessary treatment required, because it will clear up within a week on its own.  

Milia can be treated safely and effectively in older children and young adults. In an office hour procedure and it has no downtime with no to minimal scarring. However, milia treatment is done only for cosmetic purposes. 

Here are the treatments for Milia

1. Cryotherapy

Cryotherapy is one of the most commonest methods to remove milia. In conclusion, cryotherapy we use liquid nitrogen to freeze the milia. 

2. Deroofing

Deroofing is a treatment in which a sterile needle is used to pick out the contents of the cyst.

3. Topical retinoids

In addition, you can also apply vitamin A-containing creams, so that it will help to exfoliate your skin.

4. Chemical peels

After applying chemical peel where treatment has to be done, it causes the first layer of skin to peel off, i.e it will cause an unearthing of new skin.

5. Laser ablation

Laser ablation is a technique in which a small laser focuses on the affected areas to remove the milia.

6. Diathermy

Diathermy is the technique that helps to destroy the milia with the help of extreme heat.

7. Destruction curettage

In this treatment procedure, milia are surgically scraped and cauterized.


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Home remedies for Milia


How to prevent milia?

However, if your skin is prone to get milia, then as such there’s no way to prevent your skin from getting milia. Therefore I advise you to get your treatment done.

Moreover, many people have a skin tendency to recur milia. If your skin has a tendency to recur milia, then there are possible chances of recurrent milia. However, you will not see any sort of recurrent milia over the treated areas. For more inquiry regarding milia, you can ask us questions, we will try to answer all your possible questions.

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