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Lentigo

A lentigo (plural form: lentigines, lentigos) is a spot on the skin. It is usually darker – usually brown – than the surrounding skin. Those with fair skin are more prone to Lentigo.

TREATMENT MODALITIES

Dermatologists will have to treat malignant lentigo with aggressive treatments. For instance, surgery, perfusion or chemotherapy. READ MORE

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TIMELINE

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Lentigo may be malignant or benign. This will be the primary factor to decide the treatment modalities.

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Treatment:Acne Pimples Date: Oct 18, 2019 Sessions: 4

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Avinash More
Avinash More
14:22 11 Jan 20
This is my second visit at hair md..before coming... here i faced a lot of depression because of my hairfall..but after meeting Dr. Vikram ..I am feeling confident now ..he is very polite and has good knowledge of his domain ..read more
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I have been coming to Clear skin for 4 yrs now,... for routine skin cleanups and hair treatments. I have kind of stopped using any beauty treatments at salons. Expert team of Dr's is very thorough with treatment options and execution. Dr. Chavhan has always been my go to Dr for any sort of skin and hair problems. My skin has never felt better. Clear skin is lifestyle for me now. Highly recommend clear skin.read more
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Had a treatment on Acne and scars. Had a good... treatment. Doctors are nice and very explanatory. Dr. Rose and Dr. Monali are very knowledgeable and give correct treatment.Had a good experience.read more
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सद्या मी इलाज घेत आहे. रिझल्ट लागला वर सांगेन.
Jessica Shah
Jessica Shah
10:43 12 Dec 19
A very positive experience. Best dermatologist I... ever met. Thanks to Dr.Rosemary for my healthy skin😁read more
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08:01 24 Nov 19
I am visiting this clinic for skin treatment.... Doctors as well as all staff members are very nice. Excellent follow-up and quick remedies.Clinic is good and hygienic. Treatment cost is bit high but worth it...read more
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Good experience
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Hey all please consider this review as my... personal feelings. I got to know about this clinic through google, after reading the reviews i felt its good but once i suggested this to my friend and started getting treatment for my friend we both felt that this is really best in pune. Staff behaviour is too polite and time punctual. Not even a single meet of our continuous opponents disappointed us. We get benifits more than for what we pay. Simply this is best for hair and skin treatment.read more
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Pushpa Parmar
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11:12 20 Nov 19
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I have been taking treatment since 6 month for my... hair loss. Under Dr. Chavan and team have guided us and i am happy with my results. I would recommend this place for hair treatmentread more
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Great team of experienced and dedicated... doctors.I was under treatment by Dr. Rose.She explained the whole treatment and was very compassionate and empathetic.The team is very friendly and approachable.I would recommend everyone to visit them.Appreciate all the staff and coworkers.read more
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৪ সপ্তাহ আগেDoctors are knowledgeable and gives... solutions as per your present scenario. Staffs are helpful and courteous. Definitely in case of any requirement, you should try it at least once.read more
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08:38 18 Nov 19
Good service, facilities, ambience.My hair fall... decreased n also my confidence is increasing day by day.. I m very thankful to doctors n staff members of clear skin clinic for such a nice service.. thank u very much.read more
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Lentigo

A lentigo (plural form: lentigines, lentigos) is a well-defined, flat or slightly raised skin lesion. They are usually smaller than 5 mm in size, and are rarely solitary. Lentigines may be tan, black, or brown in colour. It is similar in appearance to a freckle. However, it doesn't darken on exposure to the sun.

People of all ages and genders can get lentigo. However, overexposure to the sun is one of the main causes of lentigo. Moreover, people with fair skin, those who tan indoors, or those who have received phototherapy or radiation therapy are also likely to exhibit lentigo.

Multiple melanocytes aggregate in a single spot and cause pigmentation. This happens to the cell layer above the basement membrane of the epidermis. Moreover, lentigines may persist or erupt suddenly and disappear.

The formation of lentigines depends on several factors like -

  • Overexposure to ultraviolet rays
  • Prolonged exposure to the sun
  • Sunburns from childhood years
  • Genetic mutations
  • Light skin, blond hair, bright eye color
  • Age and condition of the immune system
  • Immunosuppression (recipients of organ donors and AIDS patients)
  • Carriage of human papillomavirus
  • Role of hormones (during puberty, pregnancy and childbirth, as well as taking hormonal contraceptives)
  • Indoor tanning
  • Medical procedures such as radiation therapy

Do & Don't for Getting Lentigo

DO: Wear protective clothing when exposed to the sun.
DO: Use broad-spectrum sunscreen daily.
DO: Follow a healthy diet and lifestyle.

DON’T: Use tanning beds.
DON’T: Expose yourself to accidental radiation.
DON’T: Expose yourself to artificial UV light.

Types of Lentigo

1. Lentigo simplex 

This is the most common type of lentigo. It arises during childhood or early adult life. Moreover, it may disappear without treatment. Lentigo simplex occurs on the trunk area, arms and legs. This type of lentigo tends to have a dry surface. Lentigo simplex could also be a precursor to junctional nevus, a type of mole.

2. Solar lentigo 

A solar lentigo is caused by exposure to the sun's rays. It commonly occurs in people above 40. In fact, solar lentigines are common on sun-exposed areas. For instance, the face, shoulders, arms, hands, and lower legs. The sun's radiation causes the pigment cells or melanocytes in the skin to multiply. Thus, this leads to these dark pigmented lesions.

Solar lentigines have a moth-eaten outline. In fact, they may slowly enlarge in size. Solar lentigines are also known as liver spots or age spots. They may be a precursor to seborrheic keratosis, a non-cancerous, wart-like skin condition.

3. Inkspot lentigo 

Inkspot lentigo, or reticulated lentigo, occurs following a sunburn in fair-skinned individuals. Moreover, it appears as a dark brown to black irregular ink spot-like macule.

4. PUVA lentigo 

PUVA lentigo generally occurs after psoralen and ultraviolet A (PUVA) therapy. It appears on areas that have received the therapy.

5. Tanning bed lentigo

This type of lentigo occurs on areas exposed to indoor tanning beds.

6. Radiation lentigo

This type of lentigo is seen in sites exposed to accidental or therapeutic radiation. It often occurs in late-stage radiation, dermatitis as seen in epidermal atrophy and subcutaneous fibrosis.

7. Mucosal lentigo

Mucosal lentigo is a melanotic macule occurring on mucosal surfaces like the lip, vulva, penis and anus.

8. Generalized lentigines

Generalized lentigines or lentigines profusa are present on several sites of the body from early childhood. This is not associated with any syndrome.

9. Agminated lentigines

This is a rare pigment disorder. There are multiple lentigines in this case. Moreover, these have sharp demarcations in the midline. Agminated lentigines are usually associated with neurological and developmental abnormalities.

10. Patterned lentigines

Patterned lentigines are commonly observed in the certain populations. These lentigines occur in a pattern, on the face, lips, buttocks, palms, and soles.

11. Lentiginosis syndromes

While lentigines may occur independently, they may occur as part of different syndromes as well. These syndromes are usually genetic, and present at birth or arise in early childhood. Some of the syndromes that may cause lentigines are Cowden syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, Noonan syndrome, Laugier-Hunziker, Moynahan, Xeroderma pigmentosum, Myxoma syndromes, Ruvalcaba-Myhre-Smith, and Bannayan-Zonnana syndrome.

Lentigines that exhibit the following symptoms may be malignant due to the following reasons:

  • Asymmetrical in shape
  • Uneven borders
  • Uneven pigmentation
  • Have diameters exceeding 6mm
  • Are convex and rough to touch
  • Itch
  • Inflamed

If any of these symptoms or early melanoma appear, visit a dermatologist or oncologist immediately.

Treatments of Lentigo

Benign lentigines do not pose a health risk. However, their cosmetic appearance may improve with different topical applications and medical procedures. The doctor will assess the cause, type and nature of the lentigines before recommending a treatment.

Benign lentigo

Topical applications lighten benign lentigines. For example, some of the topical applications are SPF 50+ broad-spectrum sunscreen, hydroquinone bleaching cream, alpha hydroxy acids, lotions and creams with vitamin C, and retinoids.

  1. Tretinoin cream and hydroquinone cream: These noninvasive topical creams can lighten lentigines after several months of application.
  2. Cryosurgery: This treatment is often combined with ablative therapy to freeze melanocytes with liquid nitrogen. In fact, this is the most suitable treatment for isolated lentigines.
  3. Laser treatment: Short-pulsed, pigment-specific lasers can be used to selectively destroy the pigment within the lentigo. 

Malignant lentigo 

If there are any indications that the lentigines are malignant, the following treatments may be used:

  1. Surgery 
  2. Perfusion 
  3. Chemotherapy
  4. Radiation therapy

In conclusion, it is important to consult an oncologist for malignant lentigo.

Timeline for Lentigo

Dermatologists assess the skin with a dermatoscopy or biopsy. In fact, they determine the treatment modality based on the nature of the lentigo. Moreover, the treatment may take time. In fact, this depends on the treatment approach.

We are working on the content. For more information contact
Our patient support team on the number given below.
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Do & Don't for Getting Acne Scars

DO: Visit your dermatologist in the initial stages.
DO: Follow a healthy skincare regime to prevent acne.
DO: Use products that reduce inflammation and redness.
DO: Moisturise your skin.

DON’T: Over-exfoliate.
DON’T: Pop and poke your pimples.
DON’T: Try home remedies as they don’t work.
DON’T: Delay the treatment of your acne.

Do & Don't for Getting Dark Circles

DO: Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen.
DO: Use hats, scarves, and sunglasses.
DO: Eat citrus fruits.

DON’T: Avoid overexposure to the sun.
DON’T: Don't over-exfoliate.
DON’T: Avoid using home remedies.