Acne and its issues are universal. Their evil presence has ruined so many important occasions that now they are treated more like a guest than a nuisance. But the real nuisance is the scars they leave behind.
Acne results from the inflammation caused when bacteria start to grow beneath your skin in your pores.
It usually happens due to comedones that appear when your pores get clogged with dead skin or extra oil, i.e., sebum.
Acne varies from being mild, moderate and severe and can be classified into four grades. These are:
Mild acne is caused in the form of whiteheads or blackheads. It happens when sebum clogs your pores and oxidises. It may or may not have pustules or red bumps.
Moderate acne causes pus-filled pimples or red bumps as the clogged pores get inflamed.
As the name suggests, severe acne can be painful. It can cause pus-filled bumps that go deep in the skin. They are called cysts or nodules.
Severe acne, especially cystic acne, usually leaves a scar that is permanent or long-lasting.
Acne scars are usually caused when you pick or squeeze your acne. The number 1 rule of dealing with acne is never to touch it. But if we pick or squeeze it, it tends to leave a mark or scar. Acne should be left to heal completely on its own. Usually, they leave red or light brown marks upon healing, and the pigmentation heals gradually.
As there are different types of acne, there are also different types of scarring. Acne scarring depends on the type of acne one has and how it gets treated. It can be shallow or deep; it depends solely on the type of acne.
Atrophic acne scars are generally caused because of cystic acne. They are shallow and flat in appearance. There are three types of atrophic scars:
Ice-pick acne scars are common on cheeks and are small in appearance. They have a narrow indentation that goes deeper into the skin. They could be tough to treat and may require aggressive treatment.
Boxcar acne scars, as the name suggests, are like a box-shaped scar. They have a deeper depression in the skin with defined edges. It can be caused by chickenpox or widespread acne. It usually happens around the area of the jaw or lower cheeks.
Rolling acne scars give skin an uneven appearance as they are shallow.
When it comes to treating atrophic scarring, a two-step method is usually followed. The first step focuses on how to even out the skin, and the second one is to reduce or finish any discolouration due to scarring.
A dermal treatment is required to even out the skin from the scars that have left a deep dent on your skin. The main kinds of treatments are:
Laser therapy helps stimulate the production of collagen in the inner skin with the help of high-voltage light.
This treatment is ideal for shallow scarring. It uses salicylic acid or glycolic acid on your skin. It removes the outer layer of the skin, which evens out the skin.
This treatment best suits boxcar scars as it removes the top layer of skin with a tool called “Sand Down.” It makes the boxcar scar shallow.
It works best for deep and dark scars as it erases the scar from the area and replaces it with a layer of the skin taken from another part of the body.
In this treatment, chemicals like hyaluronic acid or calcium hydroxylapatite are injected into the skin to make it appear even.
This is a follow-up to step 1. To attain even skin with no discolouration, a proper skincare regime must be followed. This includes:
There are two reasons behind hyperpigmentation— number 1 – when you pick or squeeze your scar and number 2 – a darker skin.
These scars heal gradually with time. The discolouration can be treated by following a proper skincare regime and protecting the skin from direct exposure to the sun.
You can also see your dermatologist. A dermatologist usually recommends:
This type of scarring occurs when a raised lump of scar tissue forms in place of the previous acne. They could be the same size as the acne once was or bigger.
Hypertrophic acne scars usually result from back acne, acne on the chest, jawline, and shoulder. People with a darker skin type usually suffer from this kind of acne scarring.
Keloid and hypertrophic scars treatment usually focus on making the skin even and removing the raised lump of scar tissue.
Thus, the treatment includes:
You can also go for less aggressive treatments like:
Acne and the scars they leave behind can be treated using home remedies, or you can seek professional help from your dermatologist. Scarring is the aftermath of acne, especially facial acne scar. But before applying anything to your face, you should see your dermatologist as every skin type is different and requires unique care.
Our team of skin experts working with world-class tools and devices can give you the right diagnosis and treat your skin problems. Using new-age technology and expertise, we understand the problem areas and recommend the necessary treatments accordingly.
If your breakouts and scars are getting worse, and none of the home remedies are working, book a consultation with us right away.
June 30, 2021
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