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The Ultimate Guide to Identifying Melasma on Your Skin

Jul 20, 2023

The Ultimate Guide to Identifying Melasma on Your Skin

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Worried about your skin condition? Get in touch with best of our skin specialists in Pune. For a skin treatment, book an appointment with our dermatologists near you +919584584111

Symptoms of Melasma

Diagnosis of Melasma

Do you feel like you’ve tried everything to eliminate those unsightly brownish-grey patches on your skin? Are you curious about how to identify melasma and distinguish it from other skin conditions? 

Melasma is a common skin condition that causes dark, discoloured skin patches to develop on the face, neck, arms or other body parts frequently exposed to the sun. Melasma can affect people of all skin types but is more common in individuals with darker skin tones.

The exact cause of melasma is unknown, but it is believed to be associated with hormonal changes, sun exposure, genetics, and certain medications. While melasma is not dangerous, it can be aesthetically concerning and may cause emotional distress.

In this article, we will explore the symptoms of melasma and how to identify it. 

Let’s get started!

Symptoms of Melasma

Symptoms of Melasma

The primary symptom of melasma is the appearance of brown or grey patches on the skin. The patches are usually symmetrical and appear on both sides of the face, primarily on the cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose, and chin. Other body areas frequently exposed to the sun, such as the neck and forearms, can also be affected.

Melasma does not cause any other symptoms, such as itching or pain, but it can be aesthetically concerning and may cause emotional distress. Melasma can be classified into three types based on the depth of pigment in the skin: epidermal, dermal, or mixed. 

Diagnosis of Melasma

Let’s understand how to identify melasma.

Diagnosis of melasma typically involves a dermatologist’s visual examination of the affected skin. The dermatologist will look for the characteristic brown or greyish-brown patches of discolouration on the face and other body areas frequently exposed to the sun. 

In some cases, the dermatologist may use a special lamp called a Wood’s lamp, which emits ultraviolet light, to examine the skin more closely. When the Wood’s lamp is used to examine the skin, areas affected by melasma may appear brownish or greyish-brown under ultraviolet light. This can help the dermatologist determine the melasma’s extent and severity and guide treatment options.

Diagnosis of Melasma

A melasma doctor in Pune can also refer to a skin biopsy in severe cases. A small skin sample is removed and examined under a microscope during a biopsy to confirm the melasma diagnosis.

Both of these techniques can provide important information to dermatologists to help guide treatment options for their patients.


Identifying melasma on your skin can be challenging, as it can easily be mistaken for other skin conditions. However, with a keen eye and knowledge of its characteristics, you can be better equipped to identify and manage this common skin condition. Remember to look for tell-tale signs, such as brown or greyish-brown patches on the face, and seek professional help if you suspect you may have melasma.  

Still, trying to understand how to identify melasma? Book your consultation with Clear Skin Clinics, Pune. Don’t let melasma hold you back from feeling confident and beautiful in your own skin!

For treating your skin condition, feel free to get in touch with one of our best dermatologists in Pune. You can also call on +919584584111 to book an appointment at one of our skin clinics near you.


Dr Dhanraj Chavan

About the Author: Dr Dhanraj Chavan

Dr. Dhanraj Chavan is a globally trained, young, and dynamic dermatologist. He is a Consultant Dermatologist and Varicose Vein Specialist at Clear Skin, VeinMD, and HairMD.

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